Contaminated Forests: Recent Developments in Risk Identification and Future Perspectives
Concentrations of pollutants in the atmosphere have increased dramatically over the last century and many of these changes are attributable to anthropogenic activities. The influence of acid rain has been well studied, but there has been no extensive exploration of other pollutants, such as toxic chemicals, heavy metals and radionuclides. Natural ecosystems, especially forests, tend to accumulate many of these pollutants which subsequently can affect ecosystem health. These contaminants may be very damaging to the environment in Eastern Europe, where the rapid disappearance of forest is the result not only of contamination but also of poor forest management practices.
The current book is designed to reduce the uncertainty in our current knowledge of forest radioecology. The three topics it embraces are (a) Modelling, (b) Measurements and Data, and (c) Countermeasures and Risk Assessment.
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137Cs content 1999 Kluwer Academic accumulation activity concentration analysis assessment atmospheric Belarus berries biomass Bryansk caesium calculated cation Chernobyl accident Chernobyl Exclusion Zone coefficient compartments components coniferous contaminated areas Contaminated Forests countermeasures deciduous decrease density deposition developed dynamic model e-mail ecological effective Environ environmental equation estimated evaluation exposure fallout fluxes forest ecosystems forest food forest litter forest products forest soil forestry fungi geostatistical half-time heavy metals horizon ingestion inventory Kluwer Academic Publishers landscapes levels Linkov and W.R. long-term measured mushrooms nuclear organic layers parameters pine plants plutonium podzol population potassium predictions processes radioactive contamination radiocaesium radiocapacity Radioecology radiological radionuclide radionuclide migration ratio region roe deer root uptake runoff Russia samples semi-natural soil horizons soil layer soil solution spatial species surface surface runoff Table throughfall transfer factor transport tree Ukraine understorey vegetation values W.R. Schell eds wood