Evolution and culture: a Fyssen Foundation symposium
Biological and cultural processes have evolved together, in a symbiotic spiral; they are now indissolubly linked, with human survival unlikely without such culturally produced aids as clothing, cooked food, and tools. The twelve original essays collected in this volume take an evolutionary perspective on human culture, examining the emergence of culture in evolution and the underlying role of brain and cognition. The essay authors, all internationally prominent researchers in their fields, draw on the cognitive sciences—including linguistics, developmental psychology, and cognition—to develop conceptual and methodological tools for understanding the interaction of culture and genome. They go beyond the "how"—the questions of behavioral mechanisms—to address the "why"—the evolutionary origin of our psychological functioning. What was the "X-factor," the magic ingredient of culture—the element that took humans out of the general run of mammals and other highly social organisms?
Several essays identify specific behavioral and functional factors that could account for human culture, including the capacity for "mind reading" that underlies social and cultural learning and the nature of morality and inhibitions, while others emphasize multiple partially independent factors—planning, technology, learning, and language. The X-factor, these essays suggest, is a set of cognitive adaptations for culture.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Quantum Leaps in Evolution
Interactions of Culture and Natural Selection among Pleistocene Hunters
Solving the Puzzle of Human Cooperation
7 other sections not shown
Other editions - View all
Evolution and Culture: A Fyssen Foundation Symposium
Stephen C. Levinson,Pierre Jaisson
Limited preview - 2006
ability adaptation adult Albazo altruism animals Anthropology argued Austronesian languages autotrophic behavior biological Boehm bonobos Boyd brain capacity causal chain cells Chicago chimpanzees common ancestor complex cooperation cortex cortical cotton-top tamarins cultural evolution cultural transmission Darwinian Dorze Dunbar duration E. O. Wilson effect egalitarian evidence evolutionary evolved example explain extinction figure Foley function genes genetic genome gome group selection Hauser hominins Homo human cognition human cultural hunter-gatherer hypothesis individual infants integers interactions language latency learning linguistic Mate mechanisms memes mental magnitudes modern humans monkeys moralistic natural selection Neanderthals neocortex neurons nonverbal counting numerosity objects organization Oxford pattern perspective phenotype population primates problem psychology punishment rats real numbers reciprocity relatively replication represent representations response Richerson Rossel Island sciences share Singer social CCC societies Sociobiology species Sperber subjects suggests symbols synchronization tamarins tion Tomasello traits Upper Paleolithic variability variation visual visual cortex