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America answer appointment bill Britain British Carmichael circumstances citizens Colo commerce communicate Congress consequently constitution convention copy court DAVID hUMPhREYS Dear Sir Dear Sir,—I Dear Sir,—Your debts declaration desire dollars duty England established esteem executive expence favoured nations foreign France French GEORGE hAMMOND give Gouverneur Morris Hague honor hope inclose Indians interest j.mss JAMES MADISON Jefferson July land leave legislature letter letter of credence Madison Madrid ment minister Monticello navigation necessary never object occasion opinion papers Paris party peace person Philadelphia ports possession present President principles proposed question Randolph received render respect river Secretary Secretary at War Senate sent shew Spain suppose territory thro tion treaty Treaty of Hopewell United vessels Virginia whale oil whole WILLIAM SHORT wish York
Page 117 - The earth belongs always to the living generation : they may manage it, then, and what proceeds from it, as they please, during their usufruct. They are masters, too, of their own persons, and consequently may govern them as they please.
Page 285 - ... by the Constitution; if the pro and the con hang so even as to balance his judgment, a just respect for the wisdom of the legislature would naturally decide the balance in favor of their opinion. It is chiefly for cases where they are clearly misled by error, ambition, or interest, that the Constitution has placed a check in the negative of the President.
Page 374 - ... to what it ought to be, as fast as the imbecility of their present existence, and other circumstances which cannot be neglected, will admit.
Page 157 - The transaction of business with foreign nations is executive altogether; it belongs, then, to the head of that department, except as to such portions of it as are specially submitted to the senate. Exceptions are to be construed strictly...
Page 471 - ... breadth and length, from its source to the sea, and expressly that part which is between the said island of New Orleans and the right bank of that river, as well as the passage both in and out of its mouth: It is further stipulated, that the vessels belonging to the subjects of either nation shall not be stopped, visited, or subjected to the payment of any duty whatsoever.
Page 492 - The first phrase of the above citation, that ' the number of representatives shall not exceed one for every 30,000...
Page 115 - They have the same rights over the soil on which they were produced, as the preceding generations had. They derive these rights not from their predecessors, but from nature. They then and their soil are by nature clear of the debts of their predecessors. Again suppose Louis XV. and his contemporary generation had said to the money lenders of Genoa, give us money that we may eat, drink, and be merry in our day; and on condition you will demand no interest till the end of thirty-four years, you shall...
Page 111 - The question, whether one generation of men has a right to bind another, seems never to have been started either on this or our side of the water. Yet it is a question of such consequences as not only to merit decision, but place also among the fundamental principles of every government.
Page 113 - For if the first could charge it with a debt, then the earth would belong to the dead and not to the living generation. Then, no generation can contract debts greater than may be paid during the course of its own existence.