On the Road of the Winds: An Archaeological History of the Pacific Islands before European Contact
The Pacific Ocean covers one-third of the earth's surface and encompasses many thousands of islands, the home to numerous human societies and cultures. Among these indigenous Oceanic cultures are the intrepid Polynesian double-hulled canoe navigators, the atoll dwellers of Micronesia, the statue carvers of remote Easter Island, and the famed traders of Melanesia. Recent archaeological excavations, combined with allied research in historical linguistics, biological anthropology, and comparative ethnography, have begun to reveal much new information about the long-term history of these Pacific Island societies and cultures. On the Road of the Winds synthesizes the grand sweep of human history in the Pacific Islands, beginning with the movement of early people out from Asia more than 40,000 years ago, and tracing the development of myriad indigenous cultures up to the time of European contact in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries.
Questions that scholars have posed and puzzled over for two centuries or more are illuminated here: Where did the Pacific Islanders come from? How did they discover and settle the thousands of islands? Why did they build great monuments like Nan Madol on Pohnpei Island in Micronesia or the famous Easter Island statues? This book provides an up-to-date synthesis of archaeological and historical anthropological knowledge of these fascinating indigenous cultures.
In particular, Kirch focuses on human ecology and island adaptations, the complexities of island trading and exchange systems, voyaging technology and skills, and the development of intensive economic systems linked to the growth of large populations. He also draws on his own original field research conducted on many islands, ranging from the Solomons to Hawai'i, as he takes us on an intellectual voyage into the Oceanic past.
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Transformations and Legacy
The Prehistory of New Melanesia
Trading Societies of Papua and the Massim
The Late Holocene in Highland New Guinea
The Bismarck Archipelago after Lapita
The Solomon Islands
The Polynesian Outliers in Melanesia
The Problem of Polynesian Origins
Te Rangi Hiroa and the Micronesian Route to Polynesia
The Discovery of Time Depth and Culture Change
The Search for Polynesian Sequences
Broadening Research Horizons
Archaeology in Melanesia and New Guinea
Public Archaeology in the Pacific
Contemporary Approaches to Pacific Prehistory
The Pacific Islands as a Human Environment
Origins and Development of Pacific Islands
Types of Islands
Climatic Factors in the Pacific
Island Life Biogeography
The Microbiotic World and Human Populations
Human Impacts on Island Ecosystems
Sahul and the Prehistory of Old Melanesia
The Pleistocene Geography of Sahul and Near Oceania
Initial Human Arrival in Sahul and Near Oceania
Pleistocene Voyaging in Near Oceania
Near Oceania during the Pleistocene
Cultural Innovations of the Early Holocene
A Paradox and a Hypothesis
Lapita and the Austronesian Expansion
The Human Landscape of Near Oceania at 20001500 BC
The Advent of Lapita
The Austronesian Expansion
Lapita Dispersal into Remote Oceania
Lapita in Linguistic and Biological Perspective
The Lapita Ceramic Series
Lapita Sites and Settlements
Lapita Subsistence Economies
Exchange among Lapita Communities
Ancestral Oceanic Societies
Ethnogenesis in La Grande Terre
An Archipelago in Between
Micronesia In the Sea of Little Lands
Colonization and Early Settlement in Micronesia
Cultural Sequences in Micronesia
Tuvalu and the Polynesian Outliers in Micronesia
Later Prehistory in Western Micronesia
Development of Sociopolitical Complexity in the Caroline High Islands
Polynesia Origins and Dispersals
Polynesia as a Phyletic Unit
Cultural Sequences in Western Polynesia
The Settlement of Eastern Polynesia
The Polynesian Chiefdoms
Ethnographic Background and Anthropological Significance
Sociopolitical Transformation in the Open Societies
The Emergence of Stratified Chiefdoms
Big Structures and Large Processes in Oceanic Prehistory
Correlations between Language Biology and Culture
The Role of Demographic Change in Oceanic History
Oceanic Populations on the Eve of European Contact
The Political Economy of Dynamic Landscapes
Intensification and Specialization in Island Economies
Transformations of Status and Power
A Closing Comment
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On the Road of the Winds: An Archaeological History of the Pacific Islands ...
Patrick Vinton Kirch
No preview available - 2000
adzes agricultural Allen Ancestral archaeological record archipelago artifacts atolls Austronesian basalt Bishop Museum Bismarcks Caledonia ceramic changes Chapter chiefdoms colonization complex Cook cultural sequence Davidson early Easter Island Eastern Polynesian Emory ethnographic excavations exchange expansion FIGURE Fiji fishhooks Futuna Golson Green Guinea Hawai'i Hawaiian high islands Hiroa human indigenous intensification islets kilometers Kosrae land landscape languages Lapita Lapita sites later linguistic Mangaia Marianas Marquesas Melanesia meters Micronesia midden mounds Mussau Nan Madol nesian Niuatoputapu obsidian Oceanic origins P V Kirch Pacific islands Palau Papuan period phase Photo Pleistocene Pohnpei Polyne Polynesian cultures population pottery prehistory Proto radiocarbon dates Rapa Nui reef region Remote Oceania Rockshelter Sahul Samoa Sand settlement pattern shell Sinoto social Society Islands sociopolitical Solomons Southeast Spriggs stone subgroup Talepakemalai taro terraces Tikopia tion Tonga Valley Vanuatu volcanic voyaging Western Polynesia Yapese Zealand
Page 14 - It is extraordinary that the same nation should have spread themselves over all the isles in this vast ocean, from New Zealand to this island, which is almost one-fourth part of the circumference of the globe.
Page 14 - From what continent they originally emigrated, and by what steps they have spread through so vast a space, those who are curious in disquisitions of this nature may perhaps not find it very difficult to conjecture. It has been already observed, that they bear strong marks of affinity to some of the Indian tribes that inhabit the Ladrones and Caroline Islands ; and the same affinity may again be traced amongst the Battas and the Malays.
Page 14 - ... they bear strong marks of affinity to some of the Indian tribes that inhabit the Ladrones and Caroline Islands ; and the same affinity may again be traced amongst the Battas and the Malays. When these events happened is not so easy to ascertain ; it was probably not very lately, as they are extremely populous, and have no tradition of their own origin but what is perfectly fabulous.
Page 17 - SOCIETY was formed in 1892 to promote the study of the Anthropology, Ethnology, Philology, History, and Antiquities of the Polynesians and other related peoples by the publication of an official journal to be called "The Journal of the Polynesian Society", and by the collection of books, manuscripts, photographs, relics, and other illustrations.
Page 18 - ... possibility of following up clues elsewhere in the islands, and that to charter any such vessel as could be obtained on the Pacific coast, for the length of time we required her, would be unsatisfactory, both from the pecuniary standpoint and from that of comfort. It was therefore decided, as Scoresby is a keen yachtsman, that it was worth while to procure in England a little ship of our own, adapted to the purpose, and to sail out in her.
Page 14 - Malays. When these events happened, is not so easy to ascertain ; it was probably not very lately, as they are extremely populous, and have no tradition of their own origin but what is perfectly fabulous ; whilst, on the other hand, the unadulterated state of their general language, and the simplicity which still prevails in their customs and manners, seem to indicate that it could not have been at any very distant period.
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Sea of Glory: America's Voyage of Discovery : the U.S. Exploring Expedition ...
No preview available - 2003