Sui-Tang China and Its Turko-Mongol Neighbors: Culture, Power, and Connections, 580-800
Sui-Tang China and Its Turko-Mongol Neighbors challenges readers to reconsider China's relations with the rest of Eurasia. Investigating interstate competition and cooperation between the successive Sui and Tang dynasties and Turkic states of Mongolia from 580 to 800, Jonathan Skaff upends the notion that inhabitants of China and Mongolia were irreconcilably different and hostile to each other. Rulers on both sides deployed strikingly similar diplomacy, warfare, ideologies of rulership, and patrimonial political networking to seek hegemony over each other and the peoples living in the pastoral borderlands between them. The book particularly disputes the supposed uniqueness of imperial China's tributary diplomacy by demonstrating that similar customary norms of interstate relations existed in a wide sphere in Eurasia as far west as Byzantium, India, and Iran. These previously unrecognized cultural connections, therefore, were arguably as much the work of Turko-Mongol pastoral nomads traversing the Eurasian steppe as the more commonly recognized Silk Road monks and merchants. This interdisciplinary and multi-perspective study will appeal to readers of comparative and world history, especially those interested in medieval warfare, diplomacy, and cultural studies.
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Ashina attack barbarians bestowed Bilga Qaghan BP JTS bride bridle tribes CFYG Chang’an chapter Chavannes 1900 China-Inner Asia borderlands Chinese conﬂict Confucian cultural diﬂferent diplomacy diplomatic Dynasty Eastern Eurasia elite Empress Wu envoys ethnic Eurasian example ﬁctive ﬁrst ﬁve foreign frontier Gaozong Gaozu Hebei Hexi horses Illig imperial inﬂuence Inner Asia Inner Mongolia investiture involved Ishbara khanates Khitan kinship lineage Lingzhou literati Confucians Longyou Lushan rebellion marriage medieval Mongol North China oﬂfered oﬂﬁcers oﬂﬁcials ofthe outer clients pastoral nomadic patrimonial patron patron-client political prefectures Qaghan Qapaghan Qarluq raiding relations relationships ritual Rotours rulers Sarbi Second Tiirk Empire Shanxi signiﬁcant silk Sir-Yantuo Sogdian status steppe Sui-Tang empires Sulu surname Tabgach Taizong Tang court Tang Dynasty Tang emperors Tang Empire Tang military Tangut Tibet Tibetan Tiele Tiirgish Tiirks Tiirks Guannei tribal unions Turkic Turko-Mongol Tuyuhun Twitchett Uighur Wang warlord Western Tiirks Xizhou Xuanzong YHJX Zhang Zhenzhu Bilga ZZTJ