The Archaeology of Complex Societies in Southeastern Pacific Coastal Guatemala: A Regional GIS Approach
This piece of research seeks to highlight and test a series of models for social, political, economic and settlement change in southern Mesoamerica. Based on recent studies in the area (1995-97) Francisco Belli outlines the theoretical premises and methodology of his research, using GIS to elucidate changing patterns of population and settlement growth and decline, changing economic strategies, social organisation and administration. This volume contains material (settlements, site plans, stratigraphical information, details on settlement organisation, art, architecture and trade patterns) from the Preclassic, Classic and Postclassic periods, used to test diffusionist versus indigenous models for the development of societies.
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CHAPTER TWO RESEARCH METHODS
CHAPTER THREE THE PRECLASSIC PERIOD
The Middle Preclassic
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acropolis aggregate mound area alluvial Altar Alvarado archaeological architecture area in m2 artifact Atiquipaque Bonete built area Cantarrana Ceiba phase ceramic Cerritos Chiquimulilla Chiquiuitan civic/ceremonial structures Classic period coastal Cotzumalguapa Cuarentiuna distance Distribution of sherd Durazno Early Preclassic east El Salvador Esclavos river Escuintla estuary excavation Feldman Guazacapan highland interaction Jutiapa Kaminaljuyu km south Kosakowsky and Estrada large centers Late Classic Late Postclassic Late Preclassic Layout Location Maneadero Maquina Maria Linda Maya Mesoamerica Middle Classic Middle Preclassic Middle/Late Classic monuments Nahua Nancinta Nueva Nueve Cerros occupation Pacific Coast Pajal Pasaco Paz river piedmont platform polities population Postclassic period previous record pyramid range structures rectangular region Research History residential Salvador Santa Rosa sculpture settlement area sherd sherd counts showing side slope Southeastern Coast Stela style surface pottery survey Tamarindo phase Taxisco Tecuamburro Termer Test pit Thiessen polygons transect Ujuxte UTM Coordinates village volcanic Xinca zone