Determinants of Crime Rates in Latin America and the World: An Empirical Assessment
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 1998 - Social Science - 44 pages
A growing concern in most regions of the world is the heightened incidence of criminal and violent behavior, especially in the Latin American and Caribbean Region. This study uses a new data set of crime rates for a large sample of countries to analyze the determinants of national homicide and robbery rates. The authors describe a simple model of "incentives to commit crimes" by estimating several econometric models and utilizing empirical models to draw their conclusions.
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Asia Dummy average beneﬁts Caribbean coefﬁcient Colombia commit a crime consider conviction rate country-speciﬁc effects crime industry criminal activity criminal behavior criminal inertia cross-sectional regressions death penalty decision to commit deﬁnition determinants of crime Developing Countries DiCristina Drug Possession Crimes Drug Producers Dummy Dummy for Developing dynamic econometric Ehrlich error term explanatory variables ﬁnd ﬁrst Fleisher GDP growth rate Gini index GNP per Capita homicide and robbery incapacitation incidence income inequality increase individual instruments Intentional Homicide Rates joint endogeneity lagged crime rate lagged homicide rate largest number Latin America level of education Loayza Log of GNP measurement errors national crime rates negative Number of Observations p-value panel data period police population Possession Crimes Rate proxy reﬂect reported crime robbery rates Sargan Secondary Enrollment Rate serially correlated Shahid Javed Burki signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly strictly exogenous Sub-Saharan Africa tion types of crime U.S. dollars United Nations unobserved urbanization rate World Bank