Multicultural Variations: Social Incorporation in Europe and North America

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Lance W. Roberts, Barry Ferguson, Mathias Bös
McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, Feb 1, 2013 - Social Science - 288 pages
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Contrary to mid-twentieth century predictions, ethnic pluralism has increased dramatically in North America and significantly in Europe. Neither the post 9/11 emphasis on international border security nor anti-immigration and anti-multiculturalism movements have affected the fifty year trend of increasing labour mobility and sustained levels of migration. The ethnic pluralism accompanying this powerful trend has fueled academic research and public debate. Contributors report on and develop a conceptualization of ethnic social incorporation and multiculturalism in Canada, the United States, Germany, Greece, Bulgaria and Italy. This group of countries displays a remarkable variety of both ethnic diversity and public policy responses to ethnic social incorporation over the past four decades. It includes two countries (Canada and the United States) built upon very large-scale immigration over the course of more than a century, two countries (Greece and Italy) which until recently were characterized by large-scale emigration but now are grappling with immigration, one country (Bulgaria) that was until the 1990s insulated from extensive migration and faces a demographic slump, and one (Germany) that has experimented with isolating temporary populations but is now addressing the responsibilities of permanent immigration. Multicultural Variations includes national reports describing each of the six countries under investigation and is book-ended by introductory and concluding chapters that present a new understanding of and synthesis on multiculturalism that is distinct from either enthusiastic support or ideological critiques. Contributors include Mathias Bös (Philipps-Universität Marburg; Germany), Antonio Chiesi, (Universitā degli Studi di Milano, Italy), Jason Edgerton (University of Manitoba, Canada), Barry Ferguson (University of Manitoba, Canada), Nikolai Genov (Freie Universität Berlin, Germany), Louis Hicks (St Mary's College of Maryland, USA), Paul Kingston (University of Virginia, USA), Laura Maratou-Alipranti (National Centre for Social Research, Athens, Greece), Lance W. Roberts (University of Manitoba, Canada), Sonia Stefanizzi (Universitā degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy), and Susanne von Below (Johann Wolfgang Goethe- Universität Frankfurt, Germany),
 

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Contents

Problems and Promises of Current Theoretical Approaches to Ethnicity
3
The Challenge and Response to Ethnic Diversity
33
Changing Recognition of Racial and Ethnic Diversity
73
Changing Patterns of Ethnic Diversity and Accomodation
115
Immigration and the Shock of Ethnic Accommodation
155
From Emigration to Immigration and the Problems of InterEthnic Relations
196
InterEthnic Relations in an Ethnic NationState
233
Ethnogenesis Modes of Multiculturalism in Six Societies
263
Contributors
285
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About the author (2013)

Lance W. Roberts is professor of sociology at the University of Manitoba.

Barry Ferguson is professor of history at the University of Manitoba.

Mathias Bös is professor of sociology at the University of Marburg.

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