Iran Between Two Revolutions

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Princeton University Press, Jul 21, 1982 - History - 561 pages

Emphasizing the interaction between political organizations and social forces, Ervand Abrahamian discusses Iranian society and politics during the period between the Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1909 and the Islamic Revolution of 1977-1979. Presented here is a study of the emergence of horizontal divisions, or socio-economic classes, in a country with strong vertical divisions based on ethnicity, religious ideology, and regional particularism. Professor Abrahamian focuses on the class and ethnic roots of the major radical movements in the modem era, particularly the constitutional movement of the 1900s, the communist Tudeh party of the 1940s, the nationalist struggle of the early 1950s, and the Islamic upsurgence of the 1970s.

In this examination of the social bases of Iranian politics, Professor Abrahamian draws on archives of the British Foreign Office and India Office that have only recently been opened; newspaper, memoirs, and biographies published in Tehran between 1906 and 1980; proceedings of the Iranian Majles and Senate; interviews with retired and active politicians; and pamphlets, books, and periodicals distributed by exiled groups in Europe and North America in the period between 1953 and 1980.

Professor Abrahamian explores the impact of socio-economic change on the political structure, especially under the reigns of Reza Shah and Muhammad Reza Shah, and throws fresh light on the significance of the Tudeh party and the failure of the Shah's regime from 1953 to 1978.

 

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Contents

V
9
VI
18
VII
26
VIII
33
IX
36
X
50
XI
58
XII
61
XL
290
XLI
299
XLII
305
XLIII
318
XLIV
326
XLV
328
XLVI
347
XLVII
371

XIII
69
XIV
81
XV
86
XVII
92
XVIII
102
XIX
118
XX
135
XXI
149
XXII
167
XXIII
169
XXVII
176
XXVIII
186
XXIX
199
XXX
203
XXXI
225
XXXIII
240
XXXV
242
XXXVI
250
XXXVII
261
XXXVIII
267
XXXIX
281
XLVIII
375
XLIX
383
L
385
LI
388
LII
417
LIII
419
LIV
426
LV
435
LVI
446
LVII
450
LVIII
473
LIX
480
LX
496
LXI
510
LXIII
525
LXIV
530
LXV
539
LXVI
541
LXVII
551
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Page 3 - Of course they are right, since class is not this or that part of the machine, but the way the machine works once it is set in motion — not this interest and that interest, but the friction of interests — the movement itself, the heat, the thundering noise.
Page 3 - Sociologists who have stopped the timemachine and, with a good deal of conceptual huffing and puffing, have gone down to the engine-room to look, tell us that nowhere at all have they been able to locate and classify a class. They can only find a multitude of people with different occupations, incomes, statushierarchies, and the rest. Of course they are right, since class is not this or that part of the machine, but the way the machine works once it is set in motion — not this...

About the author (1982)

Ervand Abrahamian is Professor of History at Baruch College, City University of New York.

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