Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (Issues of Our Time)
"Sen argues in this book that conflict and violence are sustained today, no less than in the past, by the illusion of a unique identity. Indeed, the world is increasingly taken to be a federation of religions (or of "cultures" or "civilizations"), ignoring the relevance of other ways in which people see themselves, involving class, gender, profession, language, literature, science, music, morals, or politics. Global attempts to stop such violence are also handicapped by the conceptual disarray generated by the presumption of singular and choiceless identity. When relations among different human beings are identified with a "clash of civilizations," or alternatively, with "amity among civilizations," human beings are miniaturized and deposited into littleboxes." "Through his investigation of such diverse subjects as multiculturalism, postcolonialism, fundamentalism, terrorism, and globalization, Sen brings out the need for a clearheaded understanding of human freedom and the effectiveness of constructivepublic voice in global civil society. The world, Sen shows, can be made to move toward peace as firmly as it has recently spiraled toward violence and war."--Jacket.
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CHAPTER The Violence of Illusion
CHAPTER Making Sense of Identity
CHAPTER Civilizational Conﬁnement
CHAPTER Religious Affiliations
CHAPTER West and Anti West
CHAPTER Culture and Captivity
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affiliations Africa Akbar allegedly Amartya Sen anti—Western antiglobalization Arab argue Argumentative Indian Aryabhata Asian values Bangladesh behavior beliefs belong Britain British Cambridge century chapter choice civilizational claim clash of civilizations communitarian conflicts confrontation contemporary world context countries critical critique cultural diversity cultural freedom democracy discussed earlier distinction dominant economic Europe example fact famine Gandhi George Akerlof global groups Hindu human Huntington’s Hutu Ibn Battuta ideas iden important India inequality influence intellectual invoked involved Iraq Islamic fundamentalism Islamic identity issue leaders lives London Lord Tebbit mathematics multiculturalism Muslim nation nomic non—Western one’s Oxford Pakistan particular partitioning person plural policies political poverty priorities problem reason recruitment relations relevance religion role Sanskrit schools sectarian seen sense of identity Sikh singular so—called social society solitarist terrorism theories tion tradition understanding unique University Press violence West Western York