Citizenship and Immigration in Postwar Britain
In this contentious and ground-breaking study, the author draws on extensive archival research to provide a new account of the transforamtion of the United Kingdom into a multicultural society through an analysis of the evolution of immigration and citizenship policy since 1945. Against the prevailing academic orthodoxy, he argues that British immigration policy was not racist but both rational and liberal. - ;In this ground-breaking book, the author draws extensively on archival material and theortical advances in the social science literature. Citizenship and Immigration in Post-war Britain examines the transformation since 1945 of the UK from a homogeneous into a multicultural society. Rejecting a dominant strain of sociological and historical inquiry emphasizing state racism, Hansen argues that politicians and civil servants were overall liberal relative to the public, to which they owed their office, and that they pursued policies that were rational for any liberal democratic politician. He explains the trajectory of British migration and nationality policy - its exceptional liberality in the 1950s, its restrictiveness after then, and its tortured and seemingly racist definition of citizenship. The combined effect of a 1948 imperial definition of citizenship (adopted independently of immigration), and a primary commitment to migration from the Old Dominions, locked British politicians into a series of policy choices resulting in a migration and nationality regime that was not racist in intention, but was racist in effect. In the context of a liberal elite and an illiberal public, Britain's current restrictive migration policies result not from the faling of its policy-makers but from those of its institutions. -
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aliens application argued argument asylum Britain Britain London British citizenship British government British Nationality Act British Nationality Law British subjects Butler Callaghan claim Colonial Office Colonial Secretary coloured Committee Commonwealth citizens Commonwealth countries Commonwealth Immigrants Act Commonwealth migration Conservative government Conservative Party CUKCs decision Dummett economic Edward Heath Enoch Powell enter the UK ethnic Europe European favour free entry Gordon Walker Home Office Home Office official Home Secretary Human Rights Iain Macleod Ibid immigration control immigration policy Interview Irish issue Joppke Kenyan Asians Kingdom and Colonies Layton-Henry legislation Letter liberal Macleod Macmillan Memorandum migration control migration policy Minister Ministry of Labour multicultural non-white Old Commonwealth Old Dominions Parliament Parliamentary Debates Commons passports Patrick Gordon Walker policy-makers politicians position post-war Powell's PREM Race Relations racism Report restrictionist restrictions right to enter Shadow Cabinet Soskice subjecthood tion undated United Kingdom West Indian