The College-bred Negro: Report of a Social Study Made Under the Direction of Atlanta University; Together with the Proceedings of the Fifth Conference for the Study of the Negro Problems, Held at Atlanta University, May 29-30, 1900
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
Atlanta University Press, 1900 - African American college graduates - 115 pages
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Page 114 - I insist that the object of all true education is not to make men carpenters, it is to make carpenters men...
Page 111 - There is a large and growing demand for industrial and technical training, and trade schools. 3. There is a distinct demand for the higher training of persons selected for talent and character to be leaders of thought and missionaries of. culture among the masses. 4. To supply this demand for a higher training there ought to be maintained several Negro colleges in the South. 5. The aim of these colleges should be to supply thoroughly trained teachers, preachers, professional men, and captains of...
Page 65 - ... preacher was, even before the war, the group leader of the Negroes, and the church their greatest social institution. Naturally this preacher was ignorant and often immoral, and the problem of replacing the older type by better educated men has been a difficult one. Both by direct work and by...
Page 65 - Negro's deepest ignorance, and the sending out of teachers whose training has not been simply for bread winning, but also for human culture, has been of inestimable value in the training of these men. In earlier years the two occupations of preacher and teacher were practically the only ones open to the black college graduate. Of later years a larger diversity of life among his people, has opened new avenues of employment.
Page 71 - And it is not out of place to say a few words in this connection concerning the remarkable work which this last named graduate, Robert L. Smith has been able to do. His maiden speech in the legislature helped to defeat a bill which has never since been resurrected proposing to compel the railroads of the State to practice race discrimination by obliging their white and colored passengers to occupy separate waiting rooms at the stations. He was also instrumental in securing the passage of an antilynching...
Page 65 - These figures illustrate vividly the function of the college-bred Negro. He is, as he ought to be, the group leader, the man who sets the ideals of the community where he lives, directs its thoughts and heads its social movements.
Page 72 - Talks for the Times the New York Independent says: ' The author speaks for his race and speaks in strong, polished English, full of nerve and rich in the music of good English prose.' "And these graduates are not fickle and unstable, but retain their positions year after year, doing faithful, earnest, and patient service. The length of the pastorates of the ministers has been far above the average, and one of the teachers is completing his twenty-fourth year in the same institution.
Page 83 - As a physician I am well received by my white professional brother. We ride in the same buggy, consult together, and read each other's books. I have a few white patients, but most of them are colored. I have purchased property on one of our best residence streets, and also a business house on the main street of our town.
Page 57 - Virginia plantations approached as near the monogamie ideal as the slave ítrade and concubinage would allow. With emancipation came the independent Negro home. Naturally the poor training of Negro women, the lack of respect or chivalry toward them, and the fact that the field-hand never had the responsibility of family life, all tended to make pure homes difficult to establish and maintain. Without doubt the greatest social problem of the American Negro at present is sexual purity, and the solvingof...
Page 109 - Theentire work of instruction in the colored public schools of the South Is done by colored teachers. These teachers cannot be prepared in the white schools and colleges of the South. Where, then, shall they be prepared if not in special higher institutions of learning open to them? What is to become of the millions of colored people in the United States? Who ╗re to be their leaders?