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accent action adjectives adverbs Aorists Attic dialect Attic writers belong clause commonly comp compounds connected consonant contracted Crasis declensions denote diphthong Doric Dual enclitic Epic dialect expressed frequently gender Greek hence historical tenses Homer idea Impf inflection Ionic Ionic dialect Isocr lengthened liquid Masc mute names Neut neuter nouns object omitted Oxytones Paroxytones participle Pass penult Perf person Plup Poet poetic preceding predicate prepositions Pres pronoun Proparoxytones prose pure stem reduplication relation Remark second Aor second Pers seldom sentence signifies Sing sometimes Spiritus Asper stands stem ends stem-vowel Subj substantive syllable thing third Dec third Pers uncontracted Verbal adjective verbs vowel words xaxa
Page 295 - two parts, a subject and a predicate.— The subject is that of which something is affirmed ; the predicate that which is affirmed of the subject, eg in the sentences, TO
Page 47 - 1. The particular cases of the change of accent by inflection, and the exceptions to the general rules here stated, will be seen below under the accentuation of the several parts of speech. 2. In respect to contraction, the following principles apply : (1) When neither of two syllables to be contracted is accented,
Page 18 - breathing is silent in modern Greek. So far as quantity is concerned, all the short vowels are equivalent to the long ones. The written accent guides the stress of the voice. The accent of the enclitic, however, is disregarded in pronunciation. But when the attracting word has the accent on the antepenult, its last syllable takes the secondary accent ; eg
Page 149 - take the augment and reduplication, (a) at the beginning, when the stem of the simple verb begins with a consonant or a vowel which does not admit the temporal augment ; (b) but in the middle, when the stem of the simple verb begins with a vowel which admits the temporal augment, eg
Page 113 - Pronouns do not, like substantives, express the idea of an object, but only the relation of an object to the speaker, since they show whether the object is the speaker himself (the first person), or the person or thing addressed (the second person), or the person or thing spoken of (the third person,) eg / (the teacher) give to you (the scholar) it (the book).
Page 319 - When, on the contrary, the position mentioned under (b) occurs, the substantive is contrasted with itself, since the attributive defines it more clearly. In this last case, we usually translate these adjectives into English by substantives, and the substantives with which they agree as though they were in the genitive, eg
Page 336 - Particular View of the Tenses, 1. The tenses may be divided, in accordance with their form and meaning, into two classes, namely, (a) into Principal tenses, which, both in the Ind. and Subj. always indicate something present or future ; (b) into Historical tenses, which, in the Ind. always denote something past, in the Subj. (Optative),
Page 15 - SOUND. a b g d e short z e long th i k 1 m n X o short P r s t u ph
Page 504 - The victory of Cyrus over the enemy was announced," the subject may be expanded into a subordinate sentence, viz, " That Cyrus had conquered the enemy, was announced ;" further, in the sentence, " Sing to me, O Muse, the far-wandering man," the attributive far-wandering, may be expanded into a subordinate sentence,