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accent according action adjectives adverbs Attic attributive beginning belong called changed characteristic clause common commonly comp compounds connected consonant contracted contrary declensions denote derived dialect Dual ending Epic exceptions expressed final frequently Greek hence Homer idea Impf Indicative language lengthened liquid meaning middle names Neut nouns object occurs omitted participle particularly Pass Perf person Plup Poet preceding predicate preposition Pres present principal pronoun prose pure rarely reference relation remains REMARK second Aor seldom sense sentence short signification Sing sometimes stands stem Subj substantive syllable tenses thing third Pers usually verbs vowel writers αι άν δε ει εν επί και μεν μη οι ου ουκ προς ΡΙ τε το
Page 289 - two parts, a subject and a predicate.— The subject is that of which something is affirmed ; the predicate that which is affirmed of the subject, eg in the sentences, TO
Page 47 - 1. The particular cases of the change of accent by inflection, and the exceptions to the general rules here stated, will be seen below under the accentuation of the several parts of speech. 2. In respect to contraction, the following principles apply : (1) When neither of two syllables to be contracted is accented,
Page 18 - breathing is silent in modern Greek. So far as quantity is concerned, all the short vowels are equivalent to the long ones. The written accent guides the stress of the voice. The accent of the enclitic, however, is disregarded in pronunciation. But when the attracting word has the accent on the antepenult, its last syllable takes the secondary accent ; eg
Page 149 - take the augment and reduplication, (a) at the beginning, when the stem of the simple verb begins with a consonant or a vowel which does not admit the temporal augment ; (b) but in the middle, when the stem of the simple verb begins with a vowel which admits the temporal augment, eg
Page 113 - Pronouns do not, like substantives, express the idea of an object, but only the relation of an object to the speaker, since they show whether the object is the speaker himself (the first person), or the person or thing addressed (the second person), or the person or thing spoken of (the third person,) eg / (the teacher) give to you (the scholar) it (the book).
Page 313 - When, on the contrary, the position mentioned under (b) occurs, the substantive is contrasted with itself, since the attributive defines it more clearly. In this last case, we usually translate these adjectives into English by substantives, and the substantives with which they agree as though they were in the genitive, eg
Page 330 - Particular View of the Tenses, 1. The tenses may be divided, in accordance with their form and meaning, into two classes, namely, (a) into Principal tenses, which, both in the Ind. and Subj. always indicate something present or future ; (b) into Historical tenses, which, in the Ind. always denote something past, in the Subj. (Optative),
Page 15 - SOUND. a b g d e short z e long th i k 1 m n X o short P r s t u ph
Page 496 - The victory of Cyrus over the enemy was announced," the subject may be expanded into a subordinate sentence, viz, " That Cyrus had conquered the enemy, was announced ;" further, in the sentence, " Sing to me, O Muse, the far-wandering man," the attributive far-wandering, may be expanded into a subordinate sentence,