The Cambridge Companion to Logical Empiricism
Alan Richardson, Thomas Uebel
Cambridge University Press, Sep 3, 2007 - Philosophy
If there is a movement or school that epitomizes analytic philosophy in the middle of the twentieth century, it is logical empiricism. Logical empiricists created a scientifically and technically informed philosophy of science, established mathematical logic as a topic in and tool for philosophy, and initiated the project of formal semantics. Accounts of analytic philosophy written in the middle of the twentieth century gave logical empiricism a central place in the project. The second wave of interpretative accounts was constructed to show how philosophy should progress, or had progressed, beyond logical empiricism. The essays survey the formative stages of logical empiricism in central Europe and its acculturation in North America, discussing its main topics, and achievements and failures, in different areas of philosophy of science, and assessing its influence on philosophy, past, present, and future.
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Part Two Logical Empiricism Issues in General Philosophy of Science
Part Three Logical Empiricism and the Philosophy of the Special Sciences
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analytic argued argument Aufbau axiomatic Berlin causal Circle’s claim concepts conﬁrmation conﬁrmed context coordination critical deﬁned deﬁnitions difﬁculties discussion Einstein’s empirical science empirical theories epistemological Erkenntnis Ernst Mach experience fact Feigl ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁrst formal Friedman geometry Go¨del Hahn Hans Hahn Hans Reichenbach Hempel Hilbert hypothesis idea induction inﬂuence intellectual interpretation justiﬁcation Kallen Kantian Kuhn Kuhn’s language laws logical empiricism logical empiricists Logical Positivism Logical Syntax mathematics meaning Menger metalogic metaphysics method Morris Nagel natural notion objects observational Otto Neurath Philipp Frank philosophy of science physical physicalist Popper principle priori probability problem psychology quantum mechanics question Quine Quine’s reﬂected Reichenbach rejected relations Rudolf Carnap Schlick Science Movement scientiﬁc scientiﬁc knowledge Scientiﬁc Philosophy scientiﬁc theories semantics signiﬁcance social science Society sociology space-time speciﬁc Stadler statements structure T-question theoretical Tractatus Uebel uniﬁed science Unity of Science University Vienna Circle Waismann Wittgenstein Zilsel