Sexual Mutilations: A Human Tragedy

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Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 30, 1997 - Medical - 237 pages
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Sexual mutilation is a global problem that affects 15. 3 million children and young adults annually. In terms of gender, 13. 3 million boys and 2 million girls are involuntarily subjected to sexual mutilation every year. While it is tempting to quantify and compare the amount of tissue removed from either gender, no ethical justification can be made for removing any amount of flesh from the body of another person. The violation of human rights implicit in sexual mutilation is identical for any gender. The violation occurs with the first cut into another person 's body. Although mutilation is a strong term, it precisely and accurately describes a condi tion denoting "any disfigurement or injury by removal or destruction of any conspicuous or essential part of the body. " While such terms as "circumcision" and "genital cutting" are less threatening to our sensitivities, they ultimately do a disservice by masking the fact of what is actually being done to babies and children. Although the courageous example of the survivors of sexual mutilation indicates that humans can certainly live and even re produce without all of their external sexualorgans, this biological phenomenon does not, however, justify subjecting a person to sexual mutilation. The remarkable resilience of the human body is a testament to the importance nature places on reproduction rather than a vindication for surgical practices that compromise this function.
 

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Contents

THE GEOGRAPHY OF MALE AND FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATIONS
1
A SHORT HISTORY OF THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF INVOLUNTARY SEXUAL MUTILATION IN THE UNITED STATES
17
JEHOVAH HIS COUSIN ALLAH AND SEXUAL MUTILATIONS
41
THE SKOPTZY The Russian Sect of the Castrated
63
THE HUMAN PREPUCE
77
NORM UK AND THE MEDICAL CASE AGAINST CIRCUMCISION A British Perspective
85
CIRCUMCISION AN IATROGENIC EPIDEMIC
103
WHY DOES NEONATAL CIRCUMCISION PERSIST IN THE UNITED STATES?
111
REDEFINING THE SACRED
163
CHALLENGING CIRCUMCISION A Jewish Perspective
175
THE WOUND REVEALS THE CURE A Utah Model for Ending the Cycle of Sexual Mutilation
179
NURSES FOR THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD An Update
185
NOCIRC OF AUSTRALIA
189
CIRCUMCISION Are Baby Boys Entitled to the Same Protection as Baby Girls Regarding Genital Mutilation?
197
ROUTINE INFANT MALE CIRCUMCISION Examining the Human Rights and Constitutional Issues
205
THE ASHLEY MONTAGU RESOLUTION TO END THE GENITAL MUTILATION OF CHILDREN WORLDWIDE A Petition to the World Court ...
217

LEARNED HELPLESSNESS A Concept of the Future
121
LONGTERM CONSEQUENCES OF NEONATAL CIRCUMCISION A Preliminary Poll of Circumcised Males
125
SIMILARITIES IN ATTITUDES AND MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT MALE AND FEMALE SEXUAL MUTILATIONS
131
FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION
137
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEYS ON FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION IN ITALY
153
FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION IN GERMANY An Update from INTACT
159
DECLARATION OF GENITAL INTEGRITY
221
RESOURCES
223
CONTRIBUTORS
225
INDEX
229
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