Chemistry of the Carbon Compounds: Or, Organic Chemistry

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Blakiston, 1891 - Chemistry, Organic - 1040 pages
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Page 249 - ... etc. It is obtained in large quantities as a by-product in the manufacture of stearic acid (p.
Page 120 - It is insoluble in water, but dissolves readily in alcohol and ether; and in much greater quantity in these liquids when hot, than when cold.
Page 714 - It dissolves with difficulty in water, but readily in alcohol and ether. It yields benzaldehyde and benzoic acid when oxidised.
Page 120 - ... acid on chlorinated carbon compounds, as, for instance, chloral ; and, also, when chlorine or bleaching powder acts on nitro derivatives, such as fulminating mercury, picric acid, nitromethane, etc. In the preparation of nitrochloroform, 10 parts of freshly prepared bleaching powder are mixed to a paste with cold water, and placed in a retort. To this is added a saturated solution of picric acid heated to 30. Reaction then generally takes place without further heating, and the nitrochlorof...
Page 608 - It is a colourless, crystalline substance, which melts at 54, boils at 310, and is insoluble in water, but readily soluble in alcohol and ether. It is only a feeble base, and its salts are decomposed by water with separation of the base ; its solution in concentrated sulphuric acid gives with a trace of nitrous acid an intense blue colouration, and it therefore serves as a very delicate test for nitrous acid or nitrites.
Page 417 - It occurs in amber, in some varieties of lignite, in resins, in turpentine oils, and in animal fluids. It is formed in the oxidation of fats with nitric acid, in the fermentation of calcium malate or ammonium tartrate (A.
Page 285 - Canarine is similar to, and probably identical with, pseudocyanogen sulphide. It is obtained from KCNS by electrolysis, or by oxidation with KClOt and HCl. It is applied as a yellow or orange dye for wool, and does not require a mordant. 146.
Page 380 - ... acid, P- 337Animal leucine crystallizes in shining leaflets, which have a fatty feel, melt at 270 and sublime undecomposed when carefully heated. Rapid heating breaks it up into amylamine and CO2.
Page 141 - Unsaturated, those derived from the unsaturated alkylens in the same manner as the normal alcohols are obtained from their hydrocarbons. In addition to the general character of alcohols, they are also capable of directly binding two additional affinities.
Page 211 - ... lower members of the series are volatile, ethereal-smelling liquids, while the higher members are solids. 159. Acetone. — Acetone, or dimethyl ketone CHt-CO-CHt, has been known for a long time, its formula was determined by Liebig and Dumas, in 1832. It occurs in small quantities in the blood and in normal urine, while in the urine of those suffering from diabetes, it is present in considerable quantities. It is produced in the dry distillation of tartaric acid, citric acid, sugar, wood, etc....

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