The Greeks: A Portrait of Self and Others
This book provides an original and challenging answer to the question: 'Who were the Classical Greeks?' Paul Cartledge - 'one of the most theoretically alert, widely read and prolific of contemporary ancient historians' (TLS) - here examines the Greeks and their achievements in terms of their own self-image, mainly as it was presented by the supposedly objective historians: Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xenophon. Many of our modern concepts as we understand them were invented by the Greeks: for example, democracy, theatre, philosophy, and history. Yet despite being our cultural ancestors in many ways, their legacy remains rooted in myth and the mental and material contexts of many of their achievements are deeply alien to our own ways of thinking and acting. The Greeks aims to explore in depth how the dominant group (adult, male, citizen) attempted, with limited success, to define themselves unambiguously in polar opposition to a whole series of 'Others' - non-Greeks, women, non-citizens, slaves and gods. This new edition contains an updated bibliography, a new chapter entitled 'Entr'acte: Others in Images and Images of Others', and a new afterword.
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addressee Aeschylus Agesilaos alien Alkmaionid Amazons ancient Greek Apollo Aristophanes Aristotle Aristotle’s Athenian Athenian democracy Athens Athens’s Attica barbarian Cambridge Cartledge Chapter citizenship civic Classical Greek contemporary context Cyropaedia Cyrus Damaratos Darius debate democracy democratic despotism Dionysos discourse divine Egyptian Essays ethnic fact female feminine fifth century fourth century freedom gender gods Greece Greek citizen Greek city Greek culture Greek world Hartog Hellenic Hellenica Helots Herodotean Herodotus historians historiography human ideal ideological images intellectual invention Khios King literally London Loraux Macedon male matter means mercenaries modern moral myth nature nomos non-Greek normative oligarchic one’s origin Oxford Pelasgians Peloponnesian Peloponnesian War perhaps Perikles Persian Empire Pharnabazus polar opposition polis politeia political precisely Protagoras psukhē religion religious ritual rule sacrifice Scythian sense servile slavery slaves social society Spartans stasis status theatre theory Thracian Thucydides tradition tragedy Vernant woman women words Xenophon Xerxes Zeus