Learning and Behavior
This contemporary survey of the field of learning offers comprehensive coverage of both classic studies and the most recent developments and trends—with an emphasis on the importance of learning principles in everyday life. Many real-world examples and analogies make the often abstract concepts and theories of the field more concrete and relevant, and most chapters include sections that describe how the theories and principles have been used in the applied field of behavior modification. Simple Ideas, Simple Associations, and Simple Cells. Innate Behavior Patterns and Habituation. Basic Principles of Classical Conditioning. Theories and Research on Classical Conditioning. Basic Principles of Operant Conditioning. Reinforcement Schedules: Experimental Analyses and Applications. Avoidance and Punishment. Theories and Research on Operant Conditioning. Stimulus Control and Concept Formation. Comparative Cognition. Learning by Observation. Learning Motor Skills. Choice. For educators, social workers, and anyone interested in human learning behavior.
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On Free Will Determinism and Chaos Theory
Ebbinghauss Experiments on Memory
Innate Behavior Patterns and Habituation
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Analysis of Behavior association aversive b-process B. F. Skinner Bandura behav biofeedback biorhythm birds brain Chapter child chimpanzees choice classical conditioning cognitive conditioned stimulus decrease delay develop discrimination ditioning effect elicit evidence example excitatory experiment Experimental Analysis extinction eyeblink eyeblink conditioning feedback Figure food pellet forcement forcer gradient habituation havior Herrnstein human imitation increase inforcement inhibitory instance Journal of Experimental learned helplessness lever pressing light matching law maze memory ment movement neurons observational learning observed occur operant conditioning opponent-process theory optimization theory paired pattern peck percent performance phase pigeons predict Premack presented primary reinforcer principle problem procedure produce punishment rats rein reinforcement schedules Rescorla Rescorla-Wagner model seconds sensory sequence shock shows similar simple situation Skinner specific sponse strength subjects task techniques theory therapist therapy tion tive token economies tone trials variable VR schedules