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action Acts of Parliament adult Agricultural Children Act Agricultural Gangs allowed apprenticeship arbitration arise bodies capital capitalist child classes coal combination common law conciliation conspiracy cotton course difficulty disputes economic effect employed employers employment evidence evil existence experience fact Factory Acts Factory and Workshop favour friendly societies gilds Government illegal impossible individual injury Inns of Court inquire inspectors instance interests interference judges justices kind labour legislation Legislature liberty limited machinery manufacture matter ment mode ordinary organisation Parliament parties possible practice present principle probably produce profits question railway rates of wages reason regard regulations relating repealed restriction result Robert Owen sanitary social Spencer Walpole Statute of Apprentices Statute of Labourers strikes success supply and demand theory things tion trade societies trades unions Vict whole women workmen Workshop Act young persons
Page 79 - The institution of long apprenticeships has no tendency to form young people to industry. A journeyman who works by the piece is likely to be industrious, because he derives a benefit from every exertion of his industry. An apprentice is likely to be idle, and almost always is so, because he has no immediate interest to be otherwise. In the inferior employments, the sweets of labour consist altogether in the recompense of labour.
Page 128 - An agreement or combination by two or more persons to do or procure to be done any act in contemplation or furtherance of a trade dispute shall not be indictable as a conspiracy if such act committed by one person would not be punishable as a crime".
Page 80 - ... being paid in proportion to the little work which he could execute, and paying in his turn for the materials which he might sometimes spoil through awkwardness and inexperience.
Page 134 - Where any person wilfully and maliciously breaks a contract of service or of hiring, knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that the probable consequences of his so doing, either alone or in combination with others, will be to endanger human life, or cause serious bodily injury, or to expose valuable property whether real or personal to destruction or serious injury...
Page 11 - Baboeuf. or Robert Owen could be resisted, if only their advocates could adduce scientific evidence of their practicability and good tendency. No laws, no customs, no rights of property are so sacred that they may not be made away with, if it can be clearly shown that they stand in the way of the greatest happiness.
Page 122 - That no person within the city of London, nor within seven miles of the same, take upon him to exercise and occupy as a physician or surgeon, except he be first examined, approved, and admitted by the bishop of London or by the dean of St. Paul's for the time being, calling to him or them four doctors of physic, and for surgery other expert persons in that faculty...