Local Etymology: A Derivative Dictionary of Geographical Names

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Houlston and Wright, 1859 - Names, Geographical - 325 pages
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Another reference for clarifying the origins of geographic terms and place-names. For example, look at the Jewish connection between Toledo and Toledoth (Generations, in Hebrew)

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Page 209 - A pickadil is that round hem, or the several divisions set together, about the skirt of a garment, or other thing. Also a kind of stiff collar, made in fashion of a band.
Page 131 - ... till this day the said street is there called High Oldborne hill, and both the sides thereof, together with all the grounds adjoining, that lie betwixt it and the river of Thames, remain full of springs, so that water is there found at hand, and hard to be stopped in every house.
Page 70 - For the better accommodation of the neighbourhood, this pump was removed to the spot where it now stands. The spring by which it is supplied is situated four feet eastward, and round it, as history informs us, the Parish Clerks of London in remote ages commonly performed sacred plays. That custom caused it to be denominated Clerks'- Well, and from which this parish derived its name.
Page 83 - The sea is called in sacred writ, the Salt Sea, the Sea of the Plain, and the East Sea. It occupies what was formerly the valley of Siddim, in which stood the five cities of the plain, Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboim, and Bala.
Page 131 - Turnemill brook. This bourn was likewise long since stopped up at the head, and in other places where the same hath broken out, but yet till this day the said street is there called High Oldborne hill, and both the sides...
Page 104 - Then is Fewter Lane, which stretcheth south into Fleet Street, by the east end of St. Dunstan's Church, and is so called of Fewters, or idle people, lying there, as in a way leading to gardens ; but the same is now of latter years on both sides built through with many fair houses.
Page 200 - RUGGE. It is derived from paille maille, French ; at which word Cotgrave thus describes the game : — "A game, wherein a round box bowle is with a mallet struck through a high arch of iron (standing, at either end of an alley, one), which he that can do at the fewest blows, or at the number agreed on, wins.
Page 38 - Lndgate preferves his memory to every citizen, who knows the jaft' value of antiquity. Gate here fignifies only a place where there was a concourfe of people ; a common quay or wharf, where there is a free going in and out of the fame. This...
Page 209 - Pickadilly, took its denomination ; because it was then the outmost, or skirt, house of the suburbs that way. Others say it took its name from this : that one Higgins, a tailor, who built it, got most of his estate by pickadilles, which, in the last age, were much worn in England.
Page 173 - Malakoff contracted most intimate relations with Bacchus; and under the influence of the latter he participated, in 1831, in some riots which broke out in the town, and which had one result — that of the dismissal of Malakoff from the dockyard in which he was employed. Being incapable of turning himself to any more reputable trade, he opened a low wine-shed on a hill outside of the town, and introduced into practice the theoretical notions which he had acquired by a long and zealous study of the...

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