Structure and Surface Reactions of Soil Particles
Pan Ming Huang, Nicola Senesi, Jacques Buffle
Wiley, Dec 4, 1998 - Science - 506 pages
The IUPAC Series on Analytical and Physical Chemistry of Environmental Systems provides the scientific community with a critical evaluation of the state of the art on physicochemical structures and reactions in environmental systems, as well as on the analytical techniques required to study and monitor these systems. The series is aimed at promoting rigorous analysis and understanding of physicochemical functioning of environmental systems.
Soils are a major component of the ecosystem. A fundamental awareness of soil structures and processes at the molecular and microscopic level is therefore essential to understanding and regulating the behaviour of environmental systems and the circulation and impact of anthropogenic compounds. Structure and Surface Reactions of Soil Particles addresses the basics of structure and surface reactions of both soil particles and colloids and describes their characterization and properties. New approaches using fractal analysis of particle dimensions, aggregation and surface reactions, computer modelling of the structure and reactivity of humics and applications of atomic force microscopy are given special treatment. Advanced instrumentation for analysis of soil particles which help to model the processes in the soil are also reviewed. Structure and Surface Reactions of Soil Particles is the definitive guide to the analysis of soils for chemists and biologists working in environmental analysis and soil chemists studying the effect of landfills and working on soil restoration.
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adsorbed adsorption aggregates applied aqueous atoms bonds C-NMR carbon cations Chem chemical shift Chemistry clay minerals coefﬁcient Colloid components compounds concentration deﬁned density difﬁcult diffusion dissolution effects electron Environ environmental particles enzyme equation equilibrium ester experimental experiments Figure ﬁrst forces fractal dimension fractions free radical fulvic acid goethite hematite heterogeneous Hochella Huang humic acid humic substances hyperﬁne imaging increase inﬂuence inorganic interactions Interface ions kaolinite kinetics ligand lignin magnetic ﬁeld materials measured metal methyl microbial microscopy mineral surfaces molecular molecules montmorillonite nuclei observed obtained oxides paramagnetic parameters Phys potential processes proton pulse pyrolysis reaction reﬂectance resonance sample scale scan Schnitzer Schulten Senesi signal signiﬁcant soil minerals soil organic matter soil particles Soil Sci Soil Science soil structure solid solution sorbed sorption speciﬁc spectra spectrometer spectroscopy spectrum spin Sposito studies substrate technique TMAFM values