The basic principles and terminology of this important, but sometimes neglected, area are explained in this book. Pronunciation helps teachers to understand and evaluate the materials available to them, and so approach the teaching of pronunciation with more confidence. The book includes over 120 classroom projects which readers can use to develop their pronunciation teaching.
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The significance of pronunciation
The nature of speech sounds
Focus on intonation
accent activity allophones American English articulation articulatory settings aspects of pronunciation assimilation Bowen and Marks Brazil Cardinal Vowels Catford communicative consonants context contrast conversation coursebooks discourse discussion distinction elision example extract factors fall-rise falling tone focus functional load grammar guage Henry Widdowson high key i-sound important individual sounds instance interaction interlocutors intonation Kenworthy language learners language teaching learning linguistic linking Listen look low key manner of articulation meaning minimal pairs native particular patterns phoneme phonology pitch movement place of articulation plosive practice Procedure prominence pronounced pronunciation teaching question reading Received Pronunciation reference rhythm Rogerson and Gilbert schwa second language segmental sentence sequence social speakers speaking speech sounds spoken stress-timed suprasegmental syllable-timed Syllable-timed languages tape target language TASK teachers teaching materials tion tone contours tone unit tongue tonic syllable topic unstressed syllables utterances vocal voice vowels weak forms