Nerve Cells and Animal Behaviour
An extensively revised third edition of this introduction to neuroethology – the neuronal basis of animal behaviour – for zoology, biology and psychology undergraduate students. The book focuses on the roles of individual nerve cells in behaviour, from simple startle responses to complex behaviours such as route learning by rats and singing by crickets and birds. It begins by examining the relationship between brains and behaviour, and showing how study of specialised behaviours reveals neuronal mechanisms that control behaviour. Information processing by nerve cells is introduced using specific examples, and the establishing roles of neurons in behaviour is described for a predator-prey interaction, toads versus cockroaches. New material includes: vision by insects, which describes sensory filtering; hunting by owls and bats, which describes sensory maps; and rhythmical movements including swimming and flying, which describes how sequences of movements are generated. Includes stunning photographs which capture the detail of the behaviour.
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refiexes in mammals and insects
predator and prey toad and cockroach
startle behaviours and giant neurons in crayfish and fish
sensory filtering and course control in insects
hunting by owls and bats
abdomen activity animal auditory auditory system axons bats bees behaviour bird brain cell body cockroach cortex crayﬁsh cricket dendrites depolarising depressor direction echolocation electrical electrical synapses electrodes EPSPs excitatory excited female ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬂexor ﬂies ﬂight ﬂow ﬂy frequency ganglia ganglion giant interneuron hippocampus identiﬁed individual neurons inhibition inhibitory input insect interneurons intracellular recordings involved lamina lateral giant LGMD LMCs lobula locust male Mauthner neuron mechanisms membrane motor neurons movements moving muscles mushroom body nerve nervous system networks neurons respond octopamine odour ommatidia ommatidium particular pathways photoreceptors place cells postsynaptic prey proprioceptors pulse pyramidal cells receptive ﬁeld redrawn region segments sensory neurons serotonin signals signiﬁcant singing song sound specialised species speciﬁc spikes spinal cord star-nosed mole startle response stimulus stretch receptor sucrose sufﬁcient swimming syllable synapses T-units tail ﬂip thoracic toad trigger visual VUMmx1 wing zebra