Kant's Introduction to Logic and Essay on the Mistaken Subtlety of the Four Figures
Arguably the most influential western philosophical mind since Aristotle, Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in the Köningsberg, a city in Eastern Prussia where he would live his entire life. A lifelong academic, at sixteen years old Kant entered the University of Köningsberg, where he would go on to tutor for nine years, and then teach. Kant's major concerns involved both religion and science, as he sought reconciliation between the two. His writings on metaphysics and science played a major role in Enlightenment thought. In the field of epistemology, Kant also presented the idea that knowledge lies within the observer, not the object itself. He would never leave Köningsberg, but his ideas were exported all over the world. The actual events of Kant's life pale vastly in magnitude when contrasted against his advances in thought pertaining to epistemology, religion, law, and history. Any student of philosophy will find this volume, which includes Kant's introductory writings on logic and an "Essay on the Mistaken Subtlety of the Four Figures", a worthy addition.
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Short sketch of a history of philosophy p
Knowledge in GeneralIntuitive and Discursive Knowledge
B Logical Perfection of Knowledge as to RelationTruth
abstract according Acroamatic adequate reasons aesthetical perfection amongst ancients apodictic Arcesilaus Aristotle assent attain attribute or mark belief belongs branches of knowledge called Carneades certainty cognition common sense concreto consciousness consequences consists contains contraposition criterion of truth definite determine distinct concept distinguish doctrine dogmatic empirical employment error essential everything extensive quantity faculty false follows former Four Figures Hence historical horizon human hypothesis idea ignorance immediate inference inasmuch inconsistent indistinct intermediate attribute intuition judge kind latter laws of thought learned logical distinctness logical perfection logicians mark or attribute mathematics means merely metaphysics method middle term moral natural philosophers nature necessary laws negative object organon Perfection of Knowledge philosopher Plato popular possible practical prejudice premise principle priori priori laws propćdeutic propositions provisional judgments Pyrrho Pythagoras rational knowledge reference regarded respect rules scholastic semblance sensibility skepticism Speusippus spirit Stoic subjective reasons theoretical thing thought true universal valid