The Psychology of Risk Taking Behavior
This book aims to help the reader to understand what motivates people to engage in risk taking behavior, such as participating in traffic, sports, financial investments, or courtship. The consequences of risk taking may be positive, or result in accidents and injuries, especially in traffic. The wealth of studies and theories (about 1000 references) is used to offer a cohesive, holistic view of risk motivation. The risk motivation theory is a dynamic state-trait model incorporating physiological, emotional and cognitive components of risk perception, processing and planning. If a deficit exists between desired and perceived risk, risk compensation behavior results. A feedback loop provides new information for the next perception-motivation-behavior process. Assumptions were tested and support was found with 120 subjects in a longitudinal study. The concepts and findings are discussed in relation to psychological theories and their meaning for our daily lives.
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Chapter 3 Who Engages In Risk Taking Behavior ?
Chapter 4 Which Situational Factors Influence Risk Taking Behavior ?
Chapter 5 How Is Risk Taking Motivated and Emotionally Experienced?
Chapter 6 What Controls Risk Taking Behavior ?
Chapter 7 What Are the Consequences of Risk Taking Behavior ?
Chapter 8 How Do We Adapt to the Desire for and the Control of Risk Taking Behavior ?
Chapter 9 How Can We Explain Risk Taking Behavior Holistically ?
Chapter 10 What Does Risk Motivation Mean for Our Daily Lives as Researchers and as Normal Risk Takers ?
Accident Analysis accident proneness action American Psychologist Apter argued assessment assumption beneﬁts biological changes cognitive compensation components concept correlations decision deﬁned deﬁnition desire drivers effects emotional experiences environment evolutionary Eysenck factors ﬁnancial ﬁndings ﬁrst Fischhoff Furthermore genetic higher human illusion of control increased individual differences inﬂuence Journal of Personality level of arousal level of risk limbic system nervous system opponent process optimal level outcome paratelic patterns perceived control performance personal control Personality and Social postulated predicted probability of penalty prospect theory psychoticism reduce relation reported response reversal theory Review risk compensation risk homeostasis theory risk motivation theory risk perception risk seeking risk taking behavior risky safety sensation seeking showed signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly situations Slovic Social Psychology speciﬁc Stallen stimuli strategy stress studies Subjective Expected Utility subjects take risks target level task telic tion trafﬁc Trimpop uncertainty utility theories variables Wilde Zuckerman