Behavior Management in K-6 Classrooms
This publication presents a system of proactive classroom management for use in elementary school, grades K-6. Characteristics of the proactive concept are described as: (1) planning for prevention rather than reaction to behavior problems; (2) considering the classroom as a total process of facilitating achievement as well as appropriate behavior; (3) dealing with the entire class rather than with individual student behavior; and (4) defining behavior management as an entire system utilizing the principles of behavior theory rather than isolated techniques. An overview is provided of behavioral principles that will give teachers a broad-based understanding of why children behave and misbehave. A classroom management system is presented based on behavioral principles. The book is organized into eight chapters: (1) The Behavior Management Hierarchy; (2) Classroom Environment; (3) Scheduling; (4) Affecting Antecedents: Rules and Routines; (5) Reinforcement Strategies; (6) Parental Involvement; (7) Using Consequences To Affect Behaviors; and (8) Concluding Remarks, consisting of a checklist to help in assessing the classroom and for troubleshooting behavior problems. (LL)
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A-B-C assessment academic achievement activities antecedents Applied Behavior Analysis appropriate behavior behavior occurs behavior problems burps classroom environment classroom rules contract correction procedure daily decrease desk determine discussed disruptive earn Education Educational Psychology effective Elementary Erik example eye contact feedback feel follow-through give goal group contingency he/she hierarchy his/her home notes home-note system important increase individual intervention involved Iron County Johnny look lunch math ment minutes misbehaving misbehavior monitor negative consequences negative stimulus nice on-task behavior parents performance planned consequence positive reinforcement praise Premack Principle proactive classroom management public posting punishment quiet Reading groups remember reprimand request Research response reward rules and routines Sammy schedule Science Research Associates skill deficit social reinforcer Social Skills Sprick swearing talk talk-outs taught teacher teaching techniques terminal objective time-out token economy Tutee tutoring Utah State University verbal West Nyack young children