This book provides detailed treatment of topics in traditional logic: the theory of terms; the theory of definition; the informal fallacies; and division and classification.
Aristotelian Logic teaches techniques for solving semantic problems -- problems caused by confusion over terminology. It teaches the theory of definition -- the different kinds of definition and the criteria by which each is judged. It also teaches that definitions are like tools in that some are better suited for a particular task than others.
Several chapters are devoted to informal fallacies. A new classification is given for them, and the concept of proof is presented, without which some of the traditional informal fallacies cannot be explained adequately. Another chapter is devoted to division and classification, which occurs in all of the sciences.
Other topics covered include the square of opposition, immediate inferences, and the syllogistic and chain arguments.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Arguments and Validity
Logical Form and Counterexamples
Division and Classification
Basic Concepts of Aristotelian Logic
Standard Categorical Propositions
The Standard Syllogism Definitions
A Deductive System of the Standard Syllogism
Rules of the Standard Syllogism
Chain Arguments Including Sorites
Reducing the Number of Terms in Arguments
Standardizing Categorical Propositions
The Traditional Square of Opposition
Existential Presuppositions of Aristotelian Logic
Distribution of Terms in Categorical Propositions
Immediate Inferences Not Needed for Standard Syllogism
Inversion and Partial Inversion
Tables of Immediate Inferences
Reversible and Nonreversible Inferences
Aristotelian Logic Mediated Inferences
The Antilogism for NPair Arguments
The Hypothetical Syllogism
The Disjunctive Syllogism
Proof and Fallacies
Transition to Symbolic Logic
From Aristotelian to Symbolic Logic
Other editions - View all
accept affirmative alternative animals appeal apply argu argument argument form Aristotle asserts authority becomes Begging called categorical proposition cats chapter claim classification collective common concept conclusion consequent contains contradictory contrapositive contraries conversion defined definiendum definition determined dilemma disjunctive distinct distributed division dogs entails equivalent example existence expert explain expression fallacy false figure formal four genus give given hence hypothetical identical iffi implies important indicate inference intended interpretation invalid inverse kind least letter limitation logic logicians major premiss mammals meaning minor negative objects occurs opinion opposition particular person physical Place possible predicate present principle proof properties prove quantifier question reasoning reduction relation result rules sense sentence simple singular Socrates species standard categorical statement syllogism Table term thesis things tion traditional true truth undistributed universal usually valid