This book provides detailed treatment of topics in traditional logic: the theory of terms; the theory of definition; the informal fallacies; and division and classification.
Aristotelian Logic teaches techniques for solving semantic problems -- problems caused by confusion over terminology. It teaches the theory of definition -- the different kinds of definition and the criteria by which each is judged. It also teaches that definitions are like tools in that some are better suited for a particular task than others.
Several chapters are devoted to informal fallacies. A new classification is given for them, and the concept of proof is presented, without which some of the traditional informal fallacies cannot be explained adequately. Another chapter is devoted to division and classification, which occurs in all of the sciences.
Other topics covered include the square of opposition, immediate inferences, and the syllogistic and chain arguments.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Arguments and Validity
Logical Form and Counterexamples
Division and Classification
Basic Concepts of Aristotelian Logic
Standard Categorical Propositions
The Standard Syllogism Definitions
A Deductive System of the Standard Syllogism
Rules of the Standard Syllogism
Chain Arguments Including Sorites
Reducing the Number of Terms in Arguments
Standardizing Categorical Propositions
The Traditional Square of Opposition
Existential Presuppositions of Aristotelian Logic
Distribution of Terms in Categorical Propositions
Immediate Inferences Not Needed for Standard Syllogism
Inversion and Partial Inversion
Tables of Immediate Inferences
Reversible and Nonreversible Inferences
Aristotelian Logic Mediated Inferences
The Antilogism for NPair Arguments
The Hypothetical Syllogism
The Disjunctive Syllogism
Proof and Fallacies
Transition to Symbolic Logic
From Aristotelian to Symbolic Logic
Other editions - View all
affirmative animals antilogistic appeal appeal to pity appropriate letter argument form Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's asserts authority called categorical syllogism cats chain argument classification concept conclusion contrapositive deductive argument defined definiendum definiendum term definiens denotation dilemma discrete term disjunctive syllogism distinct terms distributed division dogs entails enthymeme equivalent example Exercises for Chapter existential expert extensional definition fallacy false figure form words formal fallacy formally valid genus given hence hypothetical syllogism iffi immediate inference implies indirect reduction intended invalid kind lexical definition logicians major premiss mammals meaning minor mixed hypothetical syllogism negative non-P objects obverse partial inverse person polyad possible predicate term proof proved quantifier real definition relation rules sentence singular term Socrates species square of opposition standard categorical propositions standard syllogism stipulative definition subaltern subcontraries subject term subterm syllogistic form synonym thesis things tion traditional logic triad true premisses truth-value undistributed universal valid argument wombat