Aristotelian Logic

Front Cover
SUNY Press, Jan 1, 1991 - Philosophy - 545 pages
0 Reviews
This book provides detailed treatment of topics in traditional logic: the theory of terms; the theory of definition; the informal fallacies; and division and classification.
Aristotelian Logic teaches techniques for solving semantic problems problems caused by confusion over terminology. It teaches the theory of definition the different kinds of definition and the criteria by which each is judged. It also teaches that definitions are like tools in that some are better suited for a particular task than others.
Several chapters are devoted to informal fallacies. A new classification is given for them, and the concept of proof is presented, without which some of the traditional informal fallacies cannot be explained adequately. Another chapter is devoted to division and classification, which occurs in all of the sciences.
Other topics covered include the square of opposition, immediate inferences, and the syllogistic and chain arguments."
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Selected pages

Contents

Arguments and Validity
3
Propositions
23
Logical Form and Counterexamples
37
Terms
51
Definition
79
Division and Classification
129
Basic Concepts of Aristotelian Logic
143
Standard Categorical Propositions
145
The Standard Syllogism Definitions
265
A Deductive System of the Standard Syllogism
271
Rules of the Standard Syllogism
291
Chain Arguments Including Sorites
309
Reducing the Number of Terms in Arguments
319
Singular Propositions
329
Standardizing Categorical Propositions
339
The Enthymeme
359

The Traditional Square of Opposition
155
Existential Presuppositions of Aristotelian Logic
179
Distribution of Terms in Categorical Propositions
189
Conversion
205
Immediate Inferences Not Needed for Standard Syllogism
213
Negative Terms
215
Obversion
227
Contraposition
233
Inversion and Partial Inversion
239
Tables of Immediate Inferences
245
Relations
249
Reversible and Nonreversible Inferences
261
Aristotelian Logic Mediated Inferences
263
The Antilogism for NPair Arguments
367
The Hypothetical Syllogism
373
The Disjunctive Syllogism
383
The Dilemma
395
Informal Fallacies
407
Proof and Fallacies
409
Linguistic Fallacies
423
Contextual Fallacies
443
Illicit Appeals
463
Transition to Symbolic Logic
489
From Aristotelian to Symbolic Logic
491
Index
537
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

About the author (1991)

William T. Parry was Professor of Philosophy at State University of New York at Buffalo.

Edward A. Hacker is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Northeastern University.

Bibliographic information