Albanian Grammar: With Exercises, Chrestomathy and Glossaries
The aim of this Albanian Grammar is to present a complete picture of the language in its three most important variants: Geg, Tosk, and Arberesh. Viewed methodologically, the contrasts among the three are presented here not only in the lexicon, but in all elements of the grammar, in order that an insight into the basic structure of the language (here also termed Common Albanian) may be obtained. The formation of the standardized literary language has, of course, also been based upon this procedure. The material, form and divisions of this Albanian Grammar are naturally geared to the practical requirements of University students and specialists interested in the language. At the same time, this book is also intended for young people of Albanian ancestry in the United States, Australia and elsewhere who have perhaps learned Geg or Tosk at home and who wish to master the contemporary literary language; this applies, as well, to the Italo-Albanians (Arberesh) of Southern Italy who, for the first time in any Albanian grammar, will be able to compare the particular characteristics of their dialect with those of Common Albanian.
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adjectives 6991 47
ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS 92103 63
NOUN FORMATION 104107 74
PRONOUNS 117160 90
nouns 158 indeclinable indefinites 159160
verbs 161284 126
and preterite systems 205232 construction and conjugation
adjectives adverbs Aorist apophony Arberesh asht ashtu auxiliary verb buke Buzuku clauses Common Albanian conjugation constructed dashė dashe dashur declension derived dialects disa duhet duke durue duruar edhe End-morphemes ėshte Exercise function Geg variant gjithe i-e i-e Imperative Imperfect indef Indicative inflected isha ishte janė jete kane kemi keni kete kisha kishe kishim kishin kishte kush language Lecce librat librin marr Medio-Passive mirė modal morpheme mundė munde mundur njeri nji njė Note Geg noun occur Optative Participle pasė Passive pėr person Pluperfect plural postpositive prej prepositive article Pres Present pronoun qene qytetit semantic shkon shtepi shumė sjelle stem Subjunctive suffix tense forms Text thelle thote tjeter Tosk tyne tyre unė vajza verbal vesh vete vetem vjen vowel word Zoja