Writings, 1902-1910

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Library of America, 1987 - Literary Collections - 1379 pages
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Philosopher and psychologist William James was the best known and most influential American thinker of his time. The five books and nineteen essays collected in this Library of America volume represent all his major work from 1902 until his death in 1910. Most were originally written as lectures addressed to general audiences as well as philosophers and were received with great enthusiasm. His writing is clear, energetic, and unpretentious, and is marked by the devotion to literary excellence he shared with his brother, Henry James. In these works William James champions the value of individual experience with an eloquence and enthusiasm that has placed him alongside Emerson and Whitman as a classic exponent of American democratic culture.

In The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902) James explores "the very inner citadel of human life" by focusing on intensely religious individuals of different cultures and eras. With insight, compassion, and open-mindedness, he examines and assesses their beliefs, seeking to measure religion's value by its contributions to individual human lives.

In Pragmatism (1907) James suggests that the conflicting metaphysical positions of "tender-minded" rationalism and "tough-minded" empiricism be judged by examining their actual consequences. Philosophy, James argues, should free itself from unexamined principles and closed systems and confront reality with complete openness.

In A Pluralistic Universe (1909) James rejects the concept of the absolute and calls on philosophers to respond to "the real concrete sensible flux of life." Through his discussion of Kant, Hegel, Henri Bergson, and religion, James explores a universe viewed not as an abstract "block" but as a rich "manyness-in-oneness," full of independent yet connected events.

The Meaning of Truth
(1909) is a polemical collection of essays asserting that ideas are made true not by inherent qualities but by events. James delights in intellectual combat, stating his positions with vigor while remaining open to opposing ideas.

Some Problems of Philosophy
(1910) was intended by James to serve both as a historical overview of metaphysics and as a systematic statement of his philosophical beliefs. Though unfinished at his death, it fully demonstrates the psychological insight and literary vividness James brought to philosophy.

Among the essays included are the anti-imperialist "Address on the Philippine Question," "On Some Mental Effects of the Earthquake," a candid personal account of the 1906 California disaster, and "The Moral Equivalent of War," a call for the redirection of martial energies to peaceful ends, as well as essays on Emerson, the role of university in intellectual life, and psychic research.
 

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The introductory lecture of Mr. James is a kind of mapping of mental "genius," and rebuke to lazy procreation of mass hysteria.

Contents

RELIGION AND NEUROLOGY
11
LECTURE II
32
LECTURE III
55
AND VII
121
LECTURE VIII
155
LECTURE IX
177
LECTURE X
201
LECTURES XI XII AND XIII
239
CHAPTER XI
1067
CHAPTER XII
1079
CHAPTER XIII
1089
The Ph D Octopus March 1903 im
1111
Address at the Centenary of Ralph Waldo Emerson
1119
The True Harvard June 24 1903 September 1903
1126
The Chicago School January 15 1904
1136
A World of Pure Experience September 29
1159

AND XVII
342
LECTURE XVIII
387
LECTURE XIX
411
LECTURE XX
435
THE FUNCTION OF COGNITION
833
II
853
IV
881
V
890
VI
897
VII
909
VIII
918
IX
935
CHAPTER I
985
CHAPTER II
997
CHAPTER IV
1007
Answers to a Questionnaire 1904 1920
1183
Humanism and Truth Once More April 1905
1193
Is Radical Empiricism Solipsistic? April 27 1905
1203
On Some Mental Effects of the Earthquake June 7 1906
1215
The Energies of Men December 28 1906 January 1907
1223
The Social Value of the CollegeBred November 71907
1242
The Confidences of a Psychical Researcher October 1909
1250
Bradley or Bergson? January 20 1910
1266
A Suggestion About Mysticism February 17 1910
1272
The Moral Equivalent of War February 1910
1281
A Pluralistic Mystic July 1910
1294
Index
1315
Chronology
1321
Note on the Texts
1350
Copyright

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About the author (1987)

Older brother of novelist Henry James, William James (1842-1910) was a philosopher, psychologist, physiologist, and professor at Harvard. James has influenced such twentieth-century thinkers as Richard Rorty, Jurgen Habermans, Michel Foucault, and Julia Kristeva.