The Late Byzantine Army: Arms and Society, 1204-1453

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University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997 - History - 438 pages
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The late Byzantine period was a time characterized by both civil strife and foreign invasion, framed by two cataclysmic events: the fall of Constantinople to the western Europeans in 1204 and again to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. Mark C. Bartusis here opens an extraordinary window on the Byzantine Empire during its last centuries by providing the first comprehensive treatment of the dying empire's military.

Although the Byzantine army was highly visible, it was increasingly ineffective in preventing the incursion of western European crusaders into the Aegean, the advance of the Ottoman Turks into Europe, and the slow decline and eventual fall of the thousand-year Byzantine Empire. Using all the available Greek, western European, Slavic, and Turkish sources, Bartusis describes the evolution of the army both as an institution and as an instrument of imperial policy. He considers the army's size, organization, administration, and the varieties of soldiers, and he examines Byzantine feudalism and the army's impact on society and the economy.

In its extensive use of soldier companies composed of foreign mercenaries, the Byzantine army had many parallels with those of western Europe; in the final analysis, Bartusis contends, the death of Byzantium was attributable more to a shrinking fiscal base than to any lack of creative military thinking on the part of its leaders.


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Superb. Admittedly the only book on the subject, it is still readable, nicely researched, and detailed. I've read it half a dozen times.


The Setting the Questions and the Sources
Part One The Army as Instrument of Policy
Mercenaries and Their Financing
Smallholding and Pronoia Soldiers and Their Financing
Professional Soldiers Military Units Recruitment
Peasants Retainers Servants
The Campaign
Palace Guard Garrisons Borders
Kastron Countryside 3oft
t4 Weapons and Equipment
Soldiers Army Society
A List of Soldiers
Lists of Rulers

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About the author (1997)

Mark C. Bartusis is Professor of History at Northern State University, Aberdeen, South Dakota.

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