Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Westen Cultures

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Helaine Selin
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 31, 1997 - History - 1117 pages
2 Reviews
The Encyclopaedia fills a gap in both the history of science and in cultural stud ies. Reference works on other cultures tend either to omit science completely or pay little attention to it, and those on the history of science almost always start with the Greeks, with perhaps a mention of the Islamic world as a trans lator of Greek scientific works. The purpose of the Encyclopaedia is to bring together knowledge of many disparate fields in one place and to legitimize the study of other cultures' science. Our aim is not to claim the superiority of other cultures, but to engage in a mutual exchange of ideas. The Western aca demic divisions of science, technology, and medicine have been united in the Encyclopaedia because in ancient cultures these disciplines were connected. This work contributes to redressing the balance in the number of reference works devoted to the study of Western science, and encourages awareness of cultural diversity. The Encyclopaedia is the first compilation of this sort, and it is testimony both to the earlier Eurocentric view of academia as well as to the widened vision of today. There is nothing that crosses disciplinary and geographic boundaries, dealing with both scientific and philosophical issues, to the extent that this work does. xi PERSONAL NOTE FROM THE EDITOR Many years ago I taught African history at a secondary school in Central Africa.
 

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As i was reading the first entry, abacus, i found there is clear biased point of view. In the very last paragraph, the author simply stated abacus was taken from Western Europe to the East by Christian migrations becuse there were Roman bead-frame calculators found at some archeological sites that are similar to the Chinese suan-pan. No specific time, location references of the archeological sites and simply no facts. Just opinion. That is not an encyclopaedia mean to be.  

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I have had a limited purview of ths book. I have found the entry used by me clear, concise andto the point. It gives in non-technical words description of scientific topics and is useful for a college library.
Prof. Khadim Ali Hashmi

Contents

Text of the Entries AZ
1
Time in Africa
972
Time in the Islamic World
979
Trephination
985
Hugh Beg
993
Varahamihira
999
Akan Gold Weights
1005
Weights and Measures in Egypt
1012
Weights and Measures in Islam
1019
List of Authors
1063
Index
1079
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