Parliaments and Technology: The Development of Technology Assessment in Europe
Parliaments and Technology explores an issue critically important to the practice of democracy everywhere: How do citizens and elected officials assess the opportunities and costs of new technologies that may profoundly impact their societies’ future? For example, what are the social and moral implications of gene patents, reproductive technology, cloning and genetic engineering or of virtually unlimited access to information? Technology assessment has become one of the most important methodologies for aiding legislatures in analyzing and deliberating such questions.
The first comparative analysis of the development and practice of parliamentary technology assessment in different national settings, this book explains the origins, methods, and impacts in five European countries—Britain, France, Germany, Denmark, and the Netherlands—and the European Parliament. It also provides a theoretical framework for comparing the institutionalization of new functions in different parliamentary systems and the influence of national political cultures on the conceptualization and operation of these new agencies.
Contributors include Josée van Eijndhoven, John Grin, Dick Holdsworth, Rob Hoppe, Simon Jos, Lars Klüver, Todd M. La Porte, Maurice Laurent, Michael Norton, Herbert Paschen, Thomas Petermann, and Norman J. Vig.
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TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
2 TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT UNITS IN THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEMS
3 ORIGINS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE UK PARLIAMENTARY OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
4 THE TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT BUREAU OF THE GERMAN PARLIAMENT
OFFICE PARLEMENTAIRE DEVALUATION DES CHOIX SCIENTIFIQUES ET TECHNOLOGIQUES
TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT FROM ACADEMICALLY ORIENTED ANALYSES TO SUPPORT OF PUBLIC DEBATE
7 THE DANISH BOARD OF TECHNOLOGY
8 PARLIAMENTARY TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT BY STOA AT THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
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activities agenda analysis approach Board of Technology Bundestag citizens Commission consensus conference context countries Danish Board decision decision-making democratic Denmark Deutscher Bundestag Directorate-General for Research discussed Dutch economic egalitarian ence environment environmental Europe European Parliament European Union evaluation example experts external Folketinget function future German impact important industry information superhighway infrastructure initiatives institutionalization involved issues lay panel legislative major members of parliament ment Ministry multimedia Netherlands nology OECD OPECST organizations parlia parliamentary systems Parliamentary Technology Assessment participation participatory parties policy options political culture POST POST's potential problem proposed public debate questions rapporteurs Rathenau Institute relevant Research Committee role science and technology scientific and technological sector social society specific staff stakeholders STOA STOA's TAB report tech technical technological controversy technological developments technology policy telecommunications tion traffic transport Tweede Kamer U.S. Congress United