Google and the Myth of Universal Knowledge: A View from Europe

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University of Chicago Press, Sep 15, 2008 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 96 pages
4 Reviews

The recent announcement that Google will digitize the holdings of several major libraries sent shock waves through the book industry and academe. Google presented this digital repository as a first step towards a long-dreamed-of universal library, but skeptics were quick to raise a number of concerns about the potential for copyright infringement and unanticipated effects on the business of research and publishing.

Jean-NoŽl Jeanneney, president of France’s BibliothŤque Nationale, here takes aim at what he sees as a far more troubling aspect of Google’s Library Project: its potential to misrepresent—and even damage—the world’s cultural heritage. In this impassioned work, Jeanneney argues that Google’s unsystematic digitization of books from a few partner libraries and its reliance on works written mostly in English constitute acts of selection that can only extend the dominance of American culture abroad. This danger is made evident by a Google book search the author discusses here—one run on Hugo, Cervantes, Dante, and Goethe that resulted in just one non-English edition, and a German translation of Hugo at that. An archive that can so easily slight the masters of European literature—and whose development is driven by commercial interests—cannot provide the foundation for a universal library.

As a leading librarian, Jeanneney remains enthusiastic about the archival potential of the Web. But he argues that the short-term thinking characterized by Google’s digital repository must be countered by long-term planning on the part of cultural and governmental institutions worldwide—a serious effort to create a truly comprehensive library, one based on the politics of inclusion and multiculturalism.

 

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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - laheadle - LibraryThing

The basic message is that Google represents the English language and the English language is the language of the market. It's a call to organize non-english speaking library technology platforms on a non-commercial basis. Read full review

Google and the myth of universal knowledge: a view from Europe

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

In this brief tract, part reasoned manifesto, part rant, the president of France's Biblioth√Į¬Ņ¬Ĺque nationale (national library) amplifies his concerns with Google's ambitious plan to scan the book ... Read full review

Contents

Introduction
3
1 Remarkable Progress
17
2 At the Mercy of the Market
25
3 Hyperpower
35
4 The Difficulties of a Response
47
5 One European Search Engineor Several?
59
6 Organizing Knowledge
67
7 A Cultural Project an Industrial Project
75
A Broader Perspective
85
Translators Afterword
91
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Jean-NoŽl Jeanneney was the president of the BibliothŤque nationale de France from 2002 until 2007. Teresa Lavender Fagan has translated more than a dozen books for the University of Chicago Press.

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