Illustrations of Universal Progress: A Series of Discussions
"The essays contained in the present volume were first published in the English periodicals--chiefly the Quarterly Reviews. They contain ideas of permanent interest, and display an amount of thought and labor evidently much greater than is usually bestowed on review articles. They were written with a view to ultimate republication in an enduring form, and were issued in London with several other papers, under the title of "Essays; Scientific, Political, and Speculative," first and second series--the former appearing in 1857, and the latter in 1863. They are now, however, issued in a new form, and are more suited to develop the author's purpose in their preparation; for while each of these essays has its intrinsic and independent claims upon the reader's attention, they are all at the same time but parts of a connected and comprehensive argument. Nearly all of Mr. Spencer's essays have relations more or less direct to the general doctrine of Evolution--a doctrine which he has probably done more to unfold and illustrate than any other thinker. The papers comprised in the present volume are those which deal with the subject in its most obvious and prominent aspects"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).
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abstract action advance aggregation alike analogy animals ascer astronomy become body cause centre centrifugal force changes character classification comets common complex Comte concrete mathematics consciousness considered creatures crust crustaceans deposits Devonian differentiation direction distinct division doctrine Earth emotions equal evidence evolution excitement exists fact Fauna feeling force formations forms fossils functions further geological gradually gravity greater groups heat Hence Herbert Spencer heterogeneous higher homogeneous human Hydrozoa ideas illustrated implies increasing individual inference John Herschel kind less manifest mass matter mental mode modifications mollusks motion muscular nature nebulae Nebular Hypothesis nervous observation orbits organic original phenomena planets present prevision produced progress races relations respect ring rotation satellites Saturn scarcely sensations Silurian Sir Charles Lyell social society Solar System species specific gravity Spencer spheroid stars strata successive sundry surface theory things thought tion trace tribes truth vocal
Page 71 - The Society for the Liberation of Religion from State Patronage and Control " — we shall presently have a separate organization here also.
Page 454 - THE PHYSIOLOGY OF MAN. Designed to represent the Existing State of Physiological Science as applied to the Functions of the Human Body.
Page 454 - The Principles of Mental Physiology. With their Applications to the Training and Discipline of the Mind, and the Study of its Morbid Conditions.
Page 59 - In all directions his investigations eventually bring him face to face with the unknowable ; and he ever more clearly perceives it to be the unknowable.
Page 162 - First, who commanded that the ulna, or ancient ell, which answers to the modern yard, should be made of the exact length of his own arm. And...
Page 58 - It will be seen that as in each event of to-day, so from the beginning, the decomposition of every expended force into several forces has been perpetually producing a higher complication; that the increase of heterogeneity so brought about is still going on, and must continue to go on; and that thus Progress is not an accident, not a thing within human control, but a beneficent necessity.
Page 389 - Art goes yet further, imitating that rational and most excellent work of nature, man ; for by art is created that great leviathan, called a Commonwealth, or State, (in Latin Ciutas) which is but an artificial man...
Page 145 - They mosculate ; they severally send off and receive connecting growths ; and the intercommunion has been ever becoming more frequent, more intricate, more widely ramified. There has all along been higher specialization, that there might be a larger generalization ; and a deeper analysis, t hat there might be a better synthesis. Each larger generalization has lifted sundry specializations still higher ; and each better synthesis has prepared the way for still deeper analysis.
Page 31 - We may suspect a priori that in some law of change lies the explanation of this universal transformation of the homogeneous into the heterogeneous. Thus much premised, we pass at once to the statement of the law, which is this: — Every active force produces more than one change — every cause produces more than one effect.