The Making of the Slavs: History and Archaeology of the Lower Danube Region, c.500–700
This book offers an alternative approach to the problem of Slavic ethnicity in south-eastern Europe between c. 500 and c. 700, from the perspective of current anthropological theories. The conceptual emphasis here is on the relation between material culture and ethnicity. The author demonstrates that the history of the Sclavenes and the Antes begins only at around 500 AD. He also points to the significance of the archaeological evidence, which suggests that specific artefacts may have been used as identity markers. This evidence also indicates the role of local leaders in building group boundaries and in leading successful raids across the Danube. Because of these military and political developments, Byzantine authors began employing names such as Sclavines and Antes in order to make sense of the process of group identification that was taking place north of the Danube frontier. Slavic ethnicity is therefore shown to be a Byzantine invention.
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CONCEPTS AND APPROACHES
Chapter 2 SOURCES FOR THE HISTORY OF THE EARLY SLAVS c 500700
Chapter 3 THE SLAVS IN EARLY MEDIEVAL SOURCES c 500700
Chapter 4 THE BALKANS AND THE DANUBE LIMES DURING THE SIXTH AND SEVENTH CENTURIES
AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY
THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE
Agathias amphoras archaeologists Ardagastus army artifact-categories artifacts assemblages associated attack Avars Balkans barbarian basilica Botoşana bow fibulae brooches built Bulgars burials Carpathian basin Chapter Chilbudius chronicle church city’s clay pans coins Constantiniu Constantinople Cutrigurs Dacia Danube frontier Danube river dated Davideni decoration district Romania Dolinescu—Ferche Dulceanca Early Avar early Byzantine early Slavs eastern Emperor excavations fibulae ﬁg Figure ﬁnds ﬁrst forts Fredegar Gepidia Gepids grave handmade Heraclius hoards of silver identity Illyricum indication intrasite distribution Ivanov John of Ephesus Jordanes Kodyn large number late Lombards material culture Maurice’s medieval Menander Menander the Guardsman migration military Miracles ofSt Demetrius Mitrea ofthe Pohl Poian pottery Prikhodniuk Priscus Procopius qagan Rafalovich region Roman Romania Rusanova Sclavenes Scythia Minor settlement seventh seventh-century sixth century Slavic Slavs social sources specimens Strategikon suggests sunken building Teodor Theophanes Theophylact Simocatta Thessalonica Thrace Timoshchuk tion troops Venethi Werner Werner’s group Whitby