The Japanese-Soviet Neutrality Pact: A Diplomatic History, 1941-1945

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Psychology Press, 2004 - Political Science - 227 pages
The neutrality pact between Japan and the Soviet Union, signed in April 1941, lapsed only nine months before its expiry date of April 1946 when the Soviet Union attacked Japan. Japan's neutrality had enabled Stalin to move Far Eastern forces to the German front where they contributed significantly to Soviet victories from Moscow to Berlin. Slavinsky suggests that Stalin's agreement with Churchill and Roosevelt to attack Japan after Germany's surrender allowed him to keep Japan in the war until he was ready to attack and thus avenge Russia's defeat in the war of 1904-1905. The Soviet Union's violation of the pact and the detention of Japanese prisoners for up to ten years after the end of the war created a sense of victimization in Japan to the extent that there is still no formal Peace Treaty between the two countries to this day.

Slavinsky draws on recently opened Russian archival material to demonstrate that the Soviet Union was passing information about the Allies to Japan during the Second World War. He also persuasively argues that vengeance and the (re)acquistion of land were the primary motives for the attack on Japan. The book contains empirical data previously unavailable in English and will fascinate anyone with an interest in the history of Japan, the Soviet Union and the events of the Second World War.
 

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Contents

Historiography of the problem
1
Nonaggression pact or neutrality pact?
11
Signature
32
Germanys attack on the USSR and Japans position
61
Japans Pearl Harbor attack and the Neutrality Pact
74
The Neutrality Pact when Japan seemed to be winning
85
The last year of the USSRs war with Germany
128
The denunciation of the Neutrality Pact
150
MayJuly 1945
163
The USSR joins the war against Japan
176
Afterword
192
Notes
206
Bibliography
216
Index
224
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Boris Slavinsky spent many years researching Soviet foreign and defense policies in service of the British government which led him to later undertake academic research in the subject. He specialized in Russian/Soviet military history and policies towards the Asia Pacific region and was studying the Russian Far East shortly before he died.
Geoffrey Jukes is now retired but was formally an Associate Fellow of the Australian National University.

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