Knowledge Annotation: Making Implicit Knowledge Explicit: Making Implicit Knowledge Explicit (Google eBook)
Did you ever read something on a book, felt the need to comment, took up a pencil and scribbled something on the books’ text’? If you did, you just annotated a book. But that process has now become something fundamental and revolutionary in these days of computing. Annotation is all about adding further information to text, pictures, movies and even to physical objects. In practice, anything which can be identified either virtually or physically can be annotated. In this book, we will delve into what makes annotations, and analyse their significance for the future evolutions of the web. We will explain why it was thought to be unreasonable to annotate documents manually and how Web 2.0 is making us rethink our beliefs. We will have a look at tools which make use of Artificial Intelligence techniques to support people in the annotation task. Behind these tools, there exists an important property of the web known as redundancy; we will explain what it is and show how it can be exploited. Finally we will gaze into the crystal ball and see what we might expect to see in the future.Until people understand what the web is all about and its grounding in annotation, people cannot start appreciating it. And until they do so, they cannot start creating the web of the future.
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algorithm allows users annotation process annotation tool application approach Artificial Intelligence Augmented Reality automated automatically bookmarks browser CAPTCHA Ciravegna Citeseer collaborative complex Computational Linguistics Computer concept corpus created database Dingli document domain elements ESP game examples Facebook fact Flickr folksonomies free text Google Heidelberg Heidelberg 2002 humans hyperlinks identify IE engine IEEE images Implicit Knowledge Explicit indexed information extraction inserted International Conference ISBN issues keywords Knowledge Annotation labels learning machine manages manual annotation Markup Language micro-blogs movie multimedia non-featured normally objects ontology Oracle person picture problem Proceedings reCAPTCHA redundancy referred Resource Description Framework search engines Semantic Annotation Semantic Web server share sit amet social networking Springer stored tags task techniques technologies tion tweet user’s various Web Ontology Language whereby words workflow World Wide World Wide Web YouTube