The Early Textual History of Lucretius' De Rerum Natura
This is the first detailed analysis of the fate of Lucretius' De rerum natura from its beginnings in the 50s BC down to the creation of our earliest extant manuscripts during the Carolingian age. A detailed investigation of the knowledge of Lucretius' poem among writers throughout the Roman, and subsequently the medieval, worlds allows fresh insight into the work's readership and reception, and an assessment of the value of the indirect tradition for editing the poem. The first extended analysis of the 170+ subject headings (capitula) that intersperse the text reveals the close engagement of Roman readers. A fresh inspection and assignation of marginal hands in the poem's most important manuscript provides new evidence about the work of Carolingian correctors and the basis for a new Lucretian stemma codicum. Further clarification of the interrelationship of Renaissance manuscripts of Lucretius gives additional evidence of the poem's reception in fifteenth-century Italy.
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alongside alterations annotations appears archetype attributed Book Butterﬁeld capitula capitulum Carolingian Carolingian minuscule Chapter Charisius citation cited Lucretius close codex codices collation conjecture copied corr corrections corrector corruption Diels difﬁcult direct tradition discussion drawn Dungal edition emendation Epicurean error etiam Etym evidence extant Fest ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve fragment further Gifanius gigni GLK V1 Glossator glosses Gramm Greek hand Heinsius Indices capitulorum inﬂuence Inst instances Kleve Lachmann Lact Lactantius lacuna Lambinus later Latin leaf Leiden Leiden University Library Lucilius Lucr Lucretian manuscript Lucretian verses Lucretius Lucrezio Macr Macrobius marginal metre minuscule nasum Nonius occurred passage perhaps poem Poggianus Poggio presumably Prisc Priscian probably Q z 0m quae readings reconstruction recorded Reeve reﬂect rubricated saec scholia scribal scribe script Seru Servius sic text signiﬁcant speciﬁc stemma suggests textual transmission transmitted verb Verg words written wrongly