Berkeley: Philosophical Writings
George Berkeley (1685-1753) was a university teacher, a missionary, and later a Church of Ireland bishop. The over-riding objective of his long philosophical career was to counteract objections to religious belief that resulted from new philosophies associated with the Scientific Revolution. Accordingly, he argued against scepticism and atheism in the Principles and the Three Dialogues; he rejected theories of force in the Essay on Motion; he offered a new theory of meaning for religious language in Alciphron; and he modified his earlier immaterialism in Siris by speculating about the body's influence on the soul. His radical empiricism and scientific instrumentalism, which rejected the claims of the sciences to provide a realistic interpretation of phenomena, are still influential today. This edition provides texts from the full range of Berkeley's contributions to philosophy, together with an introduction by Desmond M. Clarke that sets them in their historical and philosophical contexts.
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absolute abstract idea absurd Alciphron angles appear atheism Berkeley Berkeley’s body Boyle’s Law cause Church of Ireland colours conceive conﬁrmed consequently consider corporeal substance deﬁned deﬁnition demonstration deny Descartes difﬁculty distance distinct Dynamicum earth edited effects efﬁcient Essay Euph Euphranor evident existence experience explain extension external faculty farther ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁre ﬁrst follows force frame geometry George Berkeley human Hylas imagine immediate objects immediately perceived inﬁnite inﬂuence knowledge language Leibniz magnitude manner material substance matter mean mind motion natural philosophy nature necessary connexion Nicolas Malebranche objects of sight observed opinion pain particular perceived by sense perceived by sight perception phenomena Phil Philonous philosophers plain principles produce reality reason reﬂect reﬂexion scepticism seems sensations sensible qualities sensible things signiﬁed soul sound spirit sufﬁcient suggest suppose tangible tar-water thought true truth understand unperceiving unthinking visible vision wherein whereof words