Reel Patriotism: The Movies and World War I
Mixing film history with social history, Reel Patriotism examines the role played by the American film industry during World War I and the effects of the industry’s pragmatic patriotism in the decade following the war. Looking at such films as Joan the Woman and Wings and at the war-time activities of Mary Pickford and Charlie Chaplin, film distributors, including George Kleine, and the National Association of the Motion Picture Industry, this book shows how heavily publicized gestures of patriotism benefited the reputation and profits of the movie business.
Leslie Midkiff DeBauche shows how the United States government’s need to garner public support for the war, conserve food, raise money, and enlist soldiers was met by the film industry. Throughout the nineteen months of American involvement in World War I, film studios supported the war effort through the production of short instructional films, public speaking activities of movie stars, the civic forum provided by movie theaters, and the National Association of the Motion Picture Industry’s provision of administrative personnel to work directly with government agencies. While feature films about the war itself never dominated the release schedules of film distributors, they did become a staple film industry offering throughout the late 1910s and 1920s.
The film industry had much to gain, DeBauche demonstrates, from working closely with the U.S. government. Though the war posed a direct challenge to the conduct of business as usual, the industry successfully weathered the war years. After the war, film producers, distributors, and exhibitors were able to capitalize on the good will of the movie-goer and the government that the industry’s war work created. It provided a buffer against national censorship when movie stars became embroiled in scandal, and it served as a selling point in the 1920s when major film companies began to trade their stock on Wall Street.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
2 The Films of World War I 19171918
3 Programming Theaters and Exhibiting Movies in Wartime
4 The Film Industry and Government Propaganda on the Homefront
5 The US Film Industry at the End of World War I
6 The War Film in the 1920s
Other editions - View all
Advertisement for Joan April audience August beneﬁts Big Parade Chaplin Charlie Charlie Chaplin Chicago Tribune Classical Hollywood Cinema comedy Company conﬂict cooperation December DeMille Collection DeMille Legacy DeMille’s distribution distributors exhibition Exhibitor’s Trade Review Famous Players-Lasky Farrar feature ﬁlms ﬁgure Film ﬁlm exhibitors ﬁlm industry ﬁlm producers ﬁlm’s ﬁrst folder 14 Food Administration Four Minute France George Kleine Collection Geraldine Farrar German government’s homefront Inﬂuenza Joan of Arc Joan the Woman July June Lasky to DeMille Liberty Bonds Liberty Loan Little American March Marine Mary Pickford Milwaukee Journal Motion Picture Motion Picture Industry Motography Moving Picture World NAMPI narrative National November October ofﬁce ofﬁcer ofﬁcial Paramount patriotic played Price Glory production promotion Red Cross Reel release Sargent screen Shoulder Arms signiﬁcant soldiers stars story studio theater managers timeliness tion trade papers Unbeliever United States Food University Press war-related Wilson Wings Wisconsin York Zukor
Page 11 - to have lost a little something of the great spark of genius that animated her last year. Although she is tremendously enthused over the story and says it is the greatest work of her life, at the same time, that little spark seems missing. She may get it as we go on in the work.