The Handbook of Religions in Ancient Europe
Routledge, Sep 11, 2014 - Social Science - 512 pages
"The Handbook of Religions in Ancient Europe" surveys the major religious currents of Europe before Christianity - the first continental religion with hegemonic ambition - wiped out most local religions. The evidence - whether archaeological or written - is notoriously difficult to interpret, and the variety of religions documented by the sources and the range of languages used are bewildering. The "Handbook" brings together leading authorities on pre-Christian religious history to provide a state-of-the-art survey. The first section of the book covers the Prehistoric period, from the Paleolithic to the Bronze Age. The second section covers the period since writing systems began. Ranging across the Mediterranean and Northern, Celtic and Slavic Europe, the essays assess the archaeological and textual evidence. Dispersed archaeological remains and biased outside sources constitute our main sources of information, so the complex task of interpreting these traces is explained for each case. The "Handbook" also aims to highlight the plurality of religion in ancient Europe: the many ways in which it is expressed, notably in discourse, action, organization, and material culture; how it is produced and maintained by different people with different interests; how communities always connect with or disassociate from adjunct communities and how their beliefs and rituals are shaped by these relationships. The "Handbook" will be invaluable to anyone interested in ancient History and also to scholars and students of Religion, Anthropology, Archaeology, and Classical Studies.
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Aegean Æsir altar ancestors ancient Anglo-Saxon animal archaeological areas aspects Asvins Baltic beliefs Bonfante Bronze Age burial Çatal Höyük Celtic Celts century bce Christian context cult culture d’Errico dead deities depicted Divine Twins documented early Egyptian Etruscan Europe evidence example female festival figures figurines Finnish Germanic goddess gods graves Greece Greek hiisi Hodder horse human iconography images important Indo-European inscriptions interpretation Iron Age Isis Isis’s Italic Kristiansen language later Latin Latvian Lutitians material means mentioned millennium bce Minoan Mithraea Mithraism Mithras Mycenaean mythical mythology myths Neolithic Nordic Bronze Age Óğinn ofthe Old Norse origins pagan Palaeolithic pantheon period Polabian pre-Christian prehistoric prehistoric religion priests probably region Riedegost rites ritual rock art role Rome sacred sacrifices Sami sanctuaries Scandinavia scholars Slavic Słupecki social society suggests symbolic temple texts tion tradition votive worship written sources