X-Ray Astronomy with the Einstein Satellite: Proceedings of the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the American Astronomical Society Meeting on X-Ray Astronomy held at the Harvard/Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A., January 28–30, 1980
Springer Netherlands, Jun 30, 1981 - Science - 330 pages
Riccardo Giacconi Harvard/Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics The meeting of the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the American Astronomical Society, held in Cambridge, Massachusetts on January 28- 30, 1980, marks the coming of age of X-ray astronomy. In the 18 years since the discovery of the first extrasolar X-ray source, Sco X-l, the field has experienced an extremely rapid instrumentation development culminating with the launch on November 13, 1978 of the Einstein Ob servatory (HEAO-2) which first introduced the use of high resolution imaging telescopes to the study of galactic and extragalactic X-ray sources. The Einstein Observatory instruments can detect sources as faint as 10-7 Sco X-lor about 17 magnitudes fainter. The technological developments in the field have been paralleled by a host of new discoveries: in the early 1960's the detection of 9 "X-ray stars", objects 10 times more luminous in X-rays than the Sun and among the brightest stellar objects at all wavelengths; in the late 1960's and early 1970's the discovery of the nature of such systems which were identified as collapsed stars (neutron stars and black holes) in mass exchange binary systems, and the detection of the first few extragalactic sources.
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B W SMITH XRay Spectra of Supernova Remnants
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accretion acoustic analysis Ap.J approximately arcsecond Astr Astron Astrophys Avni Bahcall binary systems binary X-ray bulge bursters Canizares central chromospheric Clark cluster centers cluster core compact companion star component convection cooling core radii coronal density detected distribution Einstein Observatory emission lines emitting energy evolution flux fraction galactic galactic bulge galaxies Giacconi globular clusters Grindlay Gursky Harnden heating indicated Lett Lewin Linsky magnetic fields main sequence mass measured Mushotzky neutron star nucleus optical orbital period parameters point source Pravdo pulse period quasars radius range ratio redshift region Reidel remnants Rosner rotation Serlemitsos Seyfert shows solar spectra spectral type spectrum stellar coronae supernova surface brightness survey Tananbaum temperature thermal Vaiana values velocity Virgo Virgo cluster X-Ray Astronomy X-ray bursts X-ray emission X-ray imaging X-ray luminosity X-ray observations X-ray pulsars X-ray sources