Race and Citizen Identity in the Classical Athenian Democracy
In Race and Citizen Identity in the Classical Athenian Democracy, Susan Lape demonstrates how a race ideology grounded citizen identity. Although this ideology did not manifest itself in a fully developed race myth, its study offers insight into the causes and conditions that can give rise to race and racisms in both modern and pre-modern cultures. In the Athenian context, racial citizenship emerged because it both defined and justified those who were entitled to share in the political, symbolic, and socioeconomic goods of Athenian citizenship. By investigating Athenian law, drama, and citizenship practices, this study shows how citizen identity worked in practice to consolidate national unity and to account for past Athenian achievements. It also considers how Athenian identity narratives fuelled Herodotus' and Thucydides' understanding of history and causation.
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According Aeschines Alcibiades Apollo Apollodorus argues aristocratic Aristogeiton Aristophanes Athenian citizen Athenian racialism Athens atimia Attic autochthony bastard behavior birth and ancestry bloodline citizen body citizen identity city’s civic claim Cleisthenes Comedy conception context Creousa decree deﬁned deme democracy democratic Demosthenes descent dokimasia Erechtheus ethnic Eubulides Euripides Euxitheus father female ﬁction ﬁfth century ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst foreign fourth century further Chapter gender genos Greek hereditarian hereditary Herodotus hetaira human Hyperides identiﬁed inheritance Ion’s Ionians jurors Kapparis kinship legitimacy legitimate Loraux Lycurgus Lysias marriage maternal metics military mixed mother myth names narrative native naturalized citizens Neaera noncitizens norms Ogden oratory Osborne parents Patterson Pelasgians Peloponnesian War Pericles phratry Plataeans polis political practice prosecution race racial citizenship racial ideology racism reﬂect scholars scrutiny sexual signiﬁcance slaves social identity Solon’s Spartans speakers speciﬁcally speech status Stephanus story suggests Thucydides Whitehead 1977 women Xouthos