The literary and scientific class book: embracing the leading facts and principles of science with many difficult words explained at the heads of the lessons, and questions annexed for examination. Selected from the Rev. John Platts' Literary and scientific class book, and from various other sources

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John Prentiss, 1827 - New Hampshire - 318 pages
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Contents

Taste Improvement and Pleasures of
18
Poetryits Object
20
Advantages of Studying History
21
Philosophyits leading Offices
23
The Praise of Philosophy
25
General Properties of Bodies
27
Attraction of Gravitation Sir Isaac Newtons Dis coveries
30
Centre of Gravity Pyramids of Egypt Tower of Pisa
33
The Laws of Motion Velocity Momenta Action and Reaction
36
Compound Motion The Pendulum
37
Mechanical Powers The Lever 40 21 The Pulley Wheel and Axle and Inclined Plane
42
The Wedge and Screw Friction
44
The Laws of Fluids Pressure of Fluids
47
Specific Gravity of Bodies Archimedes
50
Hydraulics Syphon Common Pump Forcing Pump
52
The Diving Bell and Steam Engine
54
Nature and Properties of Air The Air Pump
56
The Barometer Uses of
59
Sound Velocity of Sound Echo
61
Nature of Musical Sounds Musical Barometer
64
Optics Reflection and Refraction of Light
66
Lesson Page 32 Different Kinds of Lenses Burning Glass
69
Mirrors Convex Reflectors
72
Colours The Prism
73
The Rainbow Halo and Parhelia
75
Structure of the Eye Angle of Vision
78
Optical Instruments Spectacles Microscopes
81
Microscopic Discoveries
83
The Telescope and Telegraph
86
Astronomy Progress of this Science 88 41 The Solar System Galileo
91
The Sun a magnificent habitable globe
93
Mercury and Venus
95
The Earth Ecliptic and Zodiac Celestial Lati tude and Longitude
98
Day and Night causes of
100
Changes of the Seasons
102
The Moon Harvest Moon
104
The Tides explanation of
107
Eclipses of the Moon and Sun 108
108
Mars Vesta Juno Pallas and Ceres
111
Jupiterhis Belts Satellites c
113
Saturn and Uranus Saturns Ring
114
Comets Pope Callixtus
117
The Constellations Hymn to the North Star
119
Forms and Divisions of Time Equation of Time 122 57 The Planetary System 125 58 Chemistry Importance and Use of 127 59 General Principles ...
128
Caloric Thermometer
130
Atmospheric Air Composition of Oxygen Nitro gen
133
Water Composition of Hydrogen Gas
135
The Earths and Alkalies Uses of Lime
137
Acids and Salts Mountains of Salt
140
Simple Combustibles Carbon Metals
143
Oxyds and Combustion Exhilarating Gas
145
Electricity Electrical Machine Experiments
148
Leyden Phial Dr Franklins Discovery Thun der and Lightning
153
Lesson Page 69 Falling Stars Water Spouts and Northern Lights
154
Galvanism Voltaic Battery
157
Silver and Mercury Plating with Silver Quick silver Mine
178
Copper and Lead Brass White Lead
180
Iron and Tin Importance of Iron Use of Tin Pewter
183
Zinc Manganese and Antimony their Uses 183 83 Study of Geologyits objects and uses
185
Geology Stratification Sacred History confirmed
186
Relative Situation of Rocks Decomposition of Rocks 189
189
Biographical Sketch of Linnaeus
191
Study of Botany a Source of Mental Improve ment
194
Texture of Vegetables Bark Wood Pith Age of Trees
197
Sap and Secretions Flowing of the Sap Sugar
198
Process of Vegetation
200
Roots Stems Buds and Leaves Effect of Light upon Plants
204
Flower and Fruit
205
Classification of Vegetables its Importance and Use
207
Flowers Insects in Flowers
210
Animal Kingdom Study of Zoology advanta geous to the Young
212
First Class of Animals Mammalia Orders of
213
Birdstheir Division into Orders Moulting
217
Reptiles and Fishes Electrical Fishes
219
Structure and Transformation of Insects
221
Orders of Insects The Gossamer
225
Lesson Page 101 Crustaceous and Molluscous Animals Shells
228
J02 Vermes and Zoophytes Leech Polypes
230
Existence of the Deity
232
Political Economy Progress of Civilization
233
Property unequal Distribution of
235
Division of Labour
237
Agriculturethe Strength of Nations
239
Commerce and Manufactures
240
Moneyits abundance not the cause but the con sequence of Wealth
242
Shipbuilding and Navigation
244
Architecture Advantages ofOrders of
246
Constitution of the United States Sketch of 248 113 Excellence of our Republican Government
251
Intelligence of the People a Means of Safety
252
the Government
254
an Extract from Bryants Poem of the Ages
257
Structure of the Human Body
258
Structure of the Human Body continued
260
The Human Voice wonderful Mechanism of
262
Structure of the Ear
264
Music Pleasures ofEar for
265
Painting Cartoons of Raphael
269
Sculpture Statuary Casting in Plaster of Paris
270
The Love of Nature
271
The Importance of Natural Philosophy
272
Mythology
274
Account of the Principal Heathen Gods
275
Account of the Principal Heathen Goddesses
278
Harmony of Science and Christianity
280
The Influence of an Early Taste for Reading
281
The Mechanical Wonders of a Feather
282
Art of Making Pins
284
Clouds and Rain
285
Invention and Progress of Printing
287
Hope Influence of
288

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Page 274 - TO him who in the love of nature holds Communion with her visible forms, she speaks A various language; for his gayer hours She has a voice of gladness, and a smile And eloquence of beauty, and she glides Into his darker musings, with a mild And healing sympathy, that steals away Their sharpness, ere he is aware.
Page 198 - Soft roll your incense, herbs, and fruits, and flowers, In mingled clouds to Him, whose sun exalts, • Whose breath perfumes you, -and whose pencil paints.
Page ii - District, has deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit : " THE CHILD'S BOTANY," In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, " An act for the encouragement of learning by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned...
Page 274 - A man of a polite imagination is let into a great many pleasures that the vulgar are not capable of receiving. He can converse with a picture and find an agreeable companion in a statue. He meets with a secret refreshment in a description, and often feels a greater satisfaction in the prospect of fields and meadows, than another does in the possession.
Page 276 - THESE, as they change, ALMIGHTY FATHER, these Are but the varied God. The rolling year Is full of THEE. Forth in the pleasing Spring THY beauty walks, THY tenderness and love. Wide flush the fields ; the softening air is balm ; Echo the mountains round ; the forest smiles ; And every sense, and every heart is joy. Then comes THY glory in the Summer months, With light and heat refulgent. Then THY sun...
Page 77 - O'er mountain, tower, and town, Or, mirrored in the ocean vast, A thousand fathoms down ! As fresh in yon horizon dark, As young thy beauties seem. As when the eagle from the ark First sported in thy beam. For, faithful to its sacred page, Heaven still rebuilds thy span • Nor lets the type grow pale with age That first spoke peace to man.
Page 122 - ... gaze, And steers, undoubting, to the friendly coast ; And they who stray in perilous wastes, by night, Are glad when thou dost shine to guide their footsteps right. And, therefore, bards of old, Sages, and hermits of the solemn wood, Did in thy beams behold A beauteous type of that unchanging good, That bright eternal beacon, by whose ray The voyager of time should shape his heedful way.
Page 20 - The world is full of poetry — the air Is living with its spirit ; and the waves Dance to the music of its melodies, And sparkle in its brightness. Earth is veiled, And mantled with its beauty; and the walls That close the universe with crystal in, Are eloquent with voices, that proclaim The unseen glories of immensity, In harmonies, too perfect, and too high, For aught but beings of celestial mould, And speak to man in one eternal hymn, Unfading beauty, and unyielding power.
Page 253 - As beasts excel cold rocks and brambles rude ; Men, who their duties know, But know their rights, and, knowing, dare maintain...
Page 102 - Horrid with frost and turbulent with storm, Blows autumn, and his golden fruits, away : Then melts into the spring : soft spring, with breath Favonian, from warm chambers of the south, Recalls the first.

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