Ergonomics and Safety in Hand Tool Design
This book focuses exclusively on ergonomics in the design and use of hand tools. Hand tools have been an integral supplement to the human hand since the beginning of civilization. Recently, they have been pinpointed as a prominent cause of workplace disease. Cumulative Trauma Disorders such as Tendonitus, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, and Raynaud's Syndrome are caused by the specialization of motion employed when using a screw driver, the shock to the hand and wrist when a hammer strikes a nail, or the vibration of a power saw. Ergonomics and Safety in Hand Tool Design explores the relationship between Biomechanics, Safety, and Ergonomics allowing the reader to recognize, evaluate, and control ergonomic risk factors and improve hand tool design.
After a history of hand tool use and design, the book is broken down by the various disciplines as they apply to hand tools, taking a broad approach. The author gives special attention to safe design and use, illustrated with detailed diagrams. The text serves as a guide to the human factors in safety and ergonomics for safety professionals.
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Abduction anthropometry areas artery artifact assisting hand basic Biomechanics bones brachii carpal tunnel syndrome carpi chisel Circumduction coronal plane Cumulative trauma Cutters Cylinder Grip degrees of freedom deltoid disease disorders distal dorsal employees ergonomics example excessive Extension extensor FIGURE 9.8 Detail fingers Flexion flexor forearm fulcrum functions Gliding Joint hammer hand tools hazards holding hand Human Factors humerus injury and illness instant trauma Key to dimensions Kinesiology large number located major measurement Median Days median nerve muscles musculoskeletal nerve non-powered percentile phalanges pistol grip Plant pollicis Posterior View posture powered tools pulley radial radius related to hand resistance arm Right Palm rotation saddle joint safety and health scapula screwdriver second class lever shoulder skeletal skeleton slippage stenosing tenosynovitis surface TABLE tendon Tenosynovitis third class lever thumb tissue tool design torso trapezius triceps Triceps brachii ulna Ulnar deviation upper arm Upper Extremity vein vibration workers workpiece wrist