Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: III. Early Research Progress
National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources, Commission on Life Sciences, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee on Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter
National Academies Press, Jul 13, 2001 - Science - 192 pages
Regulatory standards are already on the books at the the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to address health risks posed by inhaling tiny particles from smoke, vehicle exhaust, and other sources.
At the same time, Congress and EPA have initiated a multimillion dollar research effort to better understand the sources of these airborne particles, the levels of exposure to people, and the ways that these particles cause damage.
To provide independent guidance to the EPA, Congress asked the National Research Council to study the relevant issues. The result is a series of four reports on the particulate-matter research program. The first two books offered a conceptual framework for a national research program, identified the 10 most critical research needs, and described the recommended timing and estimated costs of such research.
This, the third volume, begins the task of assessing the progress made in implementing the research program. The National Research Council ultimately concludes that the ongoing program is appropriately addressing many of the key uncertainties. However, it also identifies a number of critical specific subjects that should be given greater attention. Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter focuses on the most current and planned research projects with an eye toward the fourth and final report, which will contain an updated assessment.
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1
THE COMMITTEES TASK AND THE PARTICULATEMATTER RESEARCHENTERPRISE 21
EVALUATING IMPLEMENTATION AND PROGRESS OF RESEARCH 37
REVIEW OF RESEARCH PROGRESS AND STATUS 47
Research Topic 2 Exposures of Susceptible Subpopulations to Toxic ParticulateMatter Compo 56
Research Topic 4 AirQuality Model Development and Testing 66
4 Number of Epidemiological Studies Relating Health Outcomes to Target Pollutants 84
Deposition and Fate of Particles in the Respiratory Tract 87
Research Topic 7 Combined Effects of Particulate Matter and Gaseous Pollutants 99
6 GaseousCopollutant Studies 101
7 ControlledExposure Studies on Effects of PM on Susceptible Subpopulations 107
8 Mechanistic Studies 113
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON THE COMMITTEE ON RESEARCH PRIORITIES FOR AIRBORNE PARTICULATE MATTER 156
Research Topic 5 Assessment of Hazardous ParticulateMatter Components 76