Foundations of Modern Cosmology
Recent discoveries in astronomy, especially those made with data collected by satellites such as the Hubble Space Telescope and the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe, have revolutionized the science of cosmology. These new observations offer the possibility that some long-standing mysteries in cosmology might be answered, including such fundamental questions as the ultimate fate of the universe. Foundations of modern cosmology provides an accessible, thorough and descriptive introduction to the physical basis for modern cosmological theory, from the big bang to a distant future dominated by dark energy. This second edition includes the latest observational results and provides the detailed background material necessary to understand their implications, with a focus on the specific model supported by these observations, the concordance model. Consistent with the book's title, emphasis is given to the scientific framework for cosmology, particularly the basics concepts of physics that underlie modern theories of relativity and cosmology; the importance of data and observations is stressed throughout. The book sketches the historical background of cosmology, and provides a review of the relevant basic physics and astronomy. After this introduction, both special and general relativity are treated, before proceeding to an in-depth discussion of the big bang theory and physics of the early universe. The book includes current research areas, including dark matter and structure formation, dark energy, the inflationary universe, and quantum cosmology. The authors' website (http://www.astro.virginia.edu/~jh8h/Foundations) offers a wealth of supplemental information, including questions and answers, references to other sources, and updates on the latest discoveries.
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FOUNDATIONS OF MODERN COSMOLOGY. Edition en anglais
John Frederick Hawley,Katherine A. Holcomb
No preview available - 1998
acceleration angular approximately astronomers atoms baryons big bang black hole blackbody clock coordinates cosmological constant cosmological principle cosmos curvature curve dark matter determine distance early universe Earth Einstein electromagnetic electron emitted energy density entropy epoch equation equivalence principle event horizon example exist expanding flat Friedmann equation fundamental galaxy clusters geometry gravitational field Hawking radiation helium homogeneous Hubble constant hydrogen inertial frame inflation interaction isotropic luminosity mass massive measure metric Milky motion moving nebulae neutrino neutron star Newton’s laws Newtonian nuclear nucleus object observations orbit parameter particle photons physics planets predictions quantity quantum mechanics quasars redshift relativistic result rotation scale factor Schwarzschild radius solar space space-time interval spatial special relativity spectrum speed of light sphere spherical spiral standard models stellar structure supernova surface telescope temperature theory tion vacuum velocity wave wavefunction wavelength white dwarf worldline zero