State, Faith, and Nation in Ottoman and Post-Ottoman Lands

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Cambridge University Press, Feb 17, 2014 - History - 323 pages
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Current standard narratives of Ottoman, Balkan, and Middle East history overemphasize the role of nationalism in the transformation of the region. Challenging these accounts, this book argues that religious affiliation was in fact the most influential shaper of communal identity in the Ottoman era, that religion molded the relationship between state and society, and that it continues to do so today in lands once occupied by the Ottomans. The book examines the major transformations of the past 250 years to illustrate this argument, traversing the nineteenth century, the early decades of post-Ottoman independence, and the recent past. In this way, the book affords unusual insights not only into the historical patterns of political development but also into the forces shaping contemporary crises, from the dissolution of Yugoslavia to the rise of political Islam.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
State Faith Nation and the Ottoman Empire
21
The Premodern Islamic State and Military Modernization
33
The Breaking of the Premodern Islamic State
61
The Reconstructed Muslim State
90
End of Empire
121
From Ottoman to PostOttoman States
141
The PostOttoman Balkans
149
PostOttoman Turkey
181
The PostOttoman Arab Lands
197
Contemporary PostOttoman States
219
Contemporary Turkey
254
Contemporary Arab Countries
270
State Faith and Nation
292
Index
315
Copyright

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About the author (2014)

Frederick F. Anscombe is a Senior Lecturer in Contemporary History at Birkbeck, University of London. His publications include The Ottoman Gulf: The Creation of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar (1997); The Ottoman Balkans, 1750 830 (edited, 2006); and articles in Past and Present, the Journal of Modern History, and The International History Review.

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