Fujimori's Coup and the Breakdown of Democracy in Latin America
"Charles Kenney has a sophisticated knowledge of his subject. He has the ability to bring his readers along and to immerse them in the fascinating developments of late twentieth-century politics in Peru." --Henry Dietz, University of Texas, Austin
Much as Augusto Pinochet's 1973 coup in Chile stood as a symbol of the challenges of an earlier period, Alberto Fujimori's 1992 presidential coup became a symbol of the present challenges of democratization in Latin America and the world. In this authoritative book, Charles D. Kenney explores why and how democracy broke down in Peru in 1992. His analysis of Peruvian politics sheds light on the problems of democratic stability in new democracies and points to strategies for preventing future failures in other countries.
Kenney's central argument is that institutional factors--especially the absence of a legislative majority--played a crucial role in the collapse of democracy in Peru in 1992 and throughout Latin America over the last forty years. This argument, which is theoretically and politically controversial in the case of Peru, is examined alongside alternative explanations of Fujimori's coup. Kenney tests the Peruvian case study in a cross-national assessment of democratic breakdowns in Latin America since 1960. Containing a unique compilation of original quantitative data, Fujimori's Coup and the Breakdown of Democracy in Latin America is the only book-length study to treat this subject. Kenney's findings will be important for political scientists, scholars of Latin America, and policy makers.
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Democracy Violence and Economic Crises in the 1980s
The Collapse of the Party System and the Rise of Fujimori
The Powers of the Peruvian Presidency Dangerous
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1979 Constitution 1990 elections According Alan Garcia Alberto Fujimori alliance APOYO APRA April argued Armed Forces Article authoritarian autogolpe Barrantes Barrios Altos massacre Belaunde Belaunde's Bordaberry breakdown of democracy budget cabinet capita Caretas censure Chamber of Deputies Change 90 chapter civilian coalition collapse conflict Congress congressional coup plans December democratic breakdown democratic regime economic effective number elections elites executive FREDEMO Fujimori human rights impeachment important informal sector institutions January judiciary July June Latin America leaders leadership legislative decrees legislative majority legislature Libertad Lima Lower House Mainwaring majority runoff McClintock military coup ministers minority presidencies Montesinos November October Oiga opposition parliament party system percent Peru Peru's policies political parties poll polyarchy Popular Action presidential coup Przeworski resignation Resumen Semanal role Rospigliosi 2000 seats Senate Shining Path Shugart subversive tion Torres United Left Vargas Llosa veto Vladimiro Montesinos